1.1 – Identify the main points of contracts of employment
Pay – This is how much you will be paid monthly or weekly. Working Hours – This is how many hours a week you will be working. Holidays – this tells you when your holidays are.
These are called the ‘terms’ of the contract.
Employees and employers must stick to a contract until it ends (e.g. by an employer or employee giving notice or an employee being dismissed) or until the terms are changed (usually by agreement between the employee and employer)
1.2 – Identify the main points of legislation affecting employers and employees. Equal opportunities
Sex discrimination Act 1975/86
Race Relations Act 1976
Unlawful to discriminate against current or prospective employees who have a disability or who have had a disability in the past, employer has duty to make reasonable adjustments.
Equal pay act – Work of ‘equal pay’ must be paid at the same rate for men and women
Employment equality (Age) Regulations 2006 – Default retirement age at 65 with statutory right for individuals to request postponement of retirement beyond age 65.
Working time Regulations 2007 – Entitles to paid annual leave.
Rights to time off – Annual leave, paternity/maternity leave, absences, sickness and statutory sickness pay.
Employment Act 2002 – To help parents balance work and family commitments.
1.3 – Identify where to find information on employment rights and responsibilities both internally and externally.
Where to find information on employment rights and responsibilities includes:
Information from internal sources such as line manager, Human Resource department
Information from external sources such as websites (e.g. directgov.co.uk, hse.gov.uk) or representative bodies for example ACAS, Citizens Advice Bureau.
1.4 – Describe how representative bodies can support the employee.
Negotiate terms of employment; to protect interest of employees; to provide legal assistance and advice to employees and to combat bullying.
1.5 – Identify employer and employee responsibilities for equality and diversity in a business environment
Employer responsibilities may include:
Abiding by the relevant areas of legislation appropriate to the workplace including:
a. Disability Discrimination
a. Employment Equality
c. Sex Discrimination
d. Equal Pay
Providing employees access to the relevant information
Investigating any issues that arise in relation to equality and diversity
employee responsibilities may include:
Following company policies relating to equality and diversity Treating colleagues with respect
1.6 – Explain the benefits of making sure equality and diversity procedures are followed in a business environment.
The benefits of making sure equality and diversity procedures are followed in a business environment may include:
Creates an environment where employees feel valued and supported Employers can draw upon the skills and experience of a wide range of people.
Benefits to employees – Improved staff morale and staff know they are being treated fairly.
Benefits to organisation – Range of perspectives, values and skills and valuable in team decisions.
2.1 - Identify employer and employee responsibilities for health, safety and security in a business environment
Employer responsibilities include upholding the relevant regulations and legislation.
Employee responsibilities would include:
Following organisational policies and procedures for health, safety and security Take responsibility for promoting one’s own health and care and that of colleagues Assessing and managing risks
2.2 - Explain the purpose of following health, safety and security procedures in a business environment.
For example to ensure the safety and welfare of the...
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