Malnutrition in Children

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CAUSES OF MULNUTRITION IN CHILDREN UNDER FIVE YEAR OLD IN MATHARE SLUMS NAIROBI

PRESENTED BY

[Name]

Admission number

SUPERVISOR:

A RESERCH PROPOSAL SUBMITED TO KENYA INSTITUTE OF DEVELOPMENTAL STUDIES IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF A DIPLOMA IN NUTRITION AND DIETETICS MANAGEMENT

May 2012

DECLARATION

Student’s declaration

I declare that this is my original work and has not been submitted in any other learning institution for the award of degree or diploma.

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Date

Supervisor declaration

This proposal has been submitted with any approval as college supervisor

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Contents
DECLARATIONii
Contentsiii
ACKNOWLEGMENTv
ABSTRACTvi
ABBREVIATIONS / ACRONYMSvii
CHAPTER I1
1.0 INTRODUCTION1
1.1 Background of the study1
1.2 Statement of the problem2
1.3 Purpose of the study and objectives of the study3
1.4 Significance of the study3
1.5 Scope and delimitation4
1.6 Limitation of the study4
1.7 Assumption of the study5
1.8 Conceptual framework5
1.9 Definition of terms6
CHAPTER II:7
2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW7
2.1 Definition of malnutrition7
2.2 Causes of malnutrition7
2.3 Forms of protein calories malnutrition9
2.4 Impact of malnutrition9
2.5 Management of malnutrition10
2.6 Prevention of malnutrition10
CHAPTER III11
3.0 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY11
3.1 Introduction11
3.2 Research design11
3.3 Location of the study.11
3.4 Target population12
3.5 Sample size and sampling technique12
3.6 Research instruments.12
3.7 Data collection techniques12
3.8 Data analysis.13
References:14
Appendix I14
Time schedule15
Appendix II15
Budget16
Appendix III-sample questionnaire16

List of tables and figures
Figure 15

ACKNOWLEGMENT
I wish to acknowledge friends and relatives who encourage me to go through the course and further my studies. My sincere thanks and appreciation goes to [insert name(s) if you wish], who gave me courage and hope through out my studies. Also my colleagues and friends who assisted me during the preparation of this document and not to forget my lecturer [name], a lecturer at Kenya Institute of Developmental studies (KIDS) who assisted me in preparation of this document at final stage. My deep thanks and appreciation goes to [name] who assisted me financially to complete this course successfully.

ABSTRACT

The aim of this research is to find out the causes of malnutrition among children under five years old in Mathare slums in Nairobi malnutrition is defined as the cellular imbalance between supply of nutrients and energy and the body demand for them to ensure growth, maintenance and functions (WHO, 1990). It results in leads to a group of diseases known as deficiency diseases. These include kwashiorkor, marasmus, beriberi, pellagra, anaemia and scurvy. The other condition is reduced to immunity hence making the individuals vulnerable to infections. In severe cases, death of the children has always been observed.

The objectives of the study is to find the causes of malnutrition, investigating the education status of the parents of malnourished children, level of parents knowledge on nutrition, sources of information on nutrition for the parents and the steps taken by parents of malnourished to curb malnutrition.

The study will survey design to collect data by using questionnaires on literate parents and interview schedules on illiterate parents and the any other parent who preferred the method because of family and work commitments lacking time to fill the questionnaires. Thus, the survey design emphasizes frequency or number of answer to the same question by different people (Orodho, 2005). The target population will include all parents and their family members who will be 40 in number in all the following 5 units in the slums: area 4A, Kosovo, Mlango Kubwa, Number 10 and Mradi. The sample size will constitute of 23...
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