Nutrition and Children

Topics: Nutrition, Milk, Cheese Pages: 7 (2227 words) Published: January 23, 2014
Task 3
5.1 Identify balanced meals, snacks and drinks for children in their EY, following government guidance on nutritional needs Children have to have a balanced diet of certain foods in order for the children to grow properly. This list provides for children;- Warmth

Growth
Sensory experience
Fighting infection and healing the body
Energy
Helping general behaviour patterns, for example sleeping, concentration and alertness Establishment of good eating habits and prevention of digestive problems Development of healthy bones, teeth, skin, muscles, nervous system, all bodily functions All food are made up of one or more nutrients;-

Proteins;-
-build the body
- Good for the brain, blood, skin and other tissues within the body Vitamins;-
Help to maintain a healthy body
Made by plants and animals
Carbohydrates
Gives energy
Are present in foods such as pulses, bread and oats

Fibre-;-

-maintains a healthy bowel
- adds bulk to foods
- is known as roughage
- Can’t be digested
- is made of plant material
- is presented in foods such as bread, pluses and oats

Fats;-
Gives energy
Stored as body fat if too much is eaten

Water;-

Makes up two- thirds of the body’s weight
Is essential for children to drink

Minerals;-

Are presented in most foods
Includes calcium, iron and fluoride
Comes from earth
Builds strong bones and teeth
There is a big variety of these foods need to be eaten to maintain a healthy lifestyle and a balanced diet. You need a lot of water in your in body but it is continuously lost through sweating, breathing and urinating, so it needs to be replaced through foods and drink. Within a balanced diet children need to have five a day which means five fruits or vegetables a day. Also children need to have a little bit of fat in their diet to give the children energy but if they have too much fat this is stored as fat and they will become overweight and then eventually obese and too much fat in younger life will cause problems such as heart disease later in life. A balanced diet for any child requires recommended portions from five different food groups. If the child is given the right number of portions from each food group you will know that their bodies are receiving all the nutrients that are required in the right amounts. Group 1- oils and fats;-

This group of food give a concentrated source of energy, but research has shown that too much saturated fat (animal fats) may result to heart disease later in life. Processed food contain hidden fats within in them for example, cheese, crisps , chips, pies and sausages and a lot more, you need to take care because if children have these for their main diet it will cause a lot of problems later on in life. Use unsaturated fat when possible, grill instead of frying and use oven chips rather than deep pan frying them. For children aged two years and under need a lot more fates and less fibre than older children and adults. The fat provides the extra energy that is needed at this stage and too much fibre will fill young children up and other more important foods may be left out. Group 2- high protein foods;-

This group of foods contains meat, fish, poultry, eggs, tofu, quorn, pulses and all the types of beans. These foods along with diary foods provide the main source of the protein in the diet. Meat, eggs and pulses have iron and many of the B vitamins and oily fish and liver contain vitamin A. Pulses provide children with alternative source of protein for vegetarians. A child needs two portions from this group per day. To get the amount they need the portion is depending on the age group they are in for example if your child has apportion of meat or fish fingers will vary from two slices or fingers for a young child or three or four for an older child. Group 3- milk and dairy products;-

Milk and dairy products contain milk, yogurt and soft cheese also includes cottage cheese and fromage frais. All these products contain protein,...
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