Tourism Development in Tunisia

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Report One for DEV2052

Tourism Development in Tunisia

Contents Page

1.1 Summary …………………………………………………………..Pg1 2.1 Objective…………………………………………………………....Pg2 3.1 Methodology & Sources of Data…………………………………...Pg2 I. Critique of Methods……………………………………………….Pg2 4.1 Interpretation & Findings …………………………………………..Pg3 I. Sustainability & Alternative Tourism……………………………...Pg3 II. Beach Tourism in Tunisia ………………………………………...Pg3 III. Saharan Tourism in Tunisia………………………………………Pg4 IV. A Comparative Analysis of Hammamet, Sfax, Tozeur & Douz…Pg4 i.Social …………………………………………………………….Pg4 ii. Economic………………………………………………………..Pg5 iii. Environment……………………………………………………Pg6 5.1 Conclusion ……………………………………………………….…..Pg7

Is Saharan Tourism more Sustainable than Beach Tourism in Tunisia?

1.1 Summary
The nature of this report is to compare the interior region and the coastal region of Tunisia in order to determine whether Saharan Tourism is more sustainable then Beach Tourism in the country. In doing this a in field study was conducted to provide me with my findings. Much of the findings are based on my own observations on the impacts of tourism as I travelled around Tunisia. The three principle aspects of sustainability are social, economic and environment impacts which I used as my three elemates for measuring sustainability. Beach tourism has been present in Tunisia since the 1960’s where as saharan tourism although was started during the 1980’s it is still very much developing and aiming to gain its own indepence from beach tourism in Tunisia. Beach tourism is a success for Tunisia in terms of economic benefits, the traditional Tunisian culture has faded in the coastal regions, there is also a strong reliance on the tourism industry making the region very vulnerable and enviromentally the lack of freshwater and wastewater manage do not appear to be something the coastal region is tackling despite how much water is used in this type of tourism. Saharan tourism on the other hand does not appear to be receive that much economically from tourism compared to beach tourism, however the social impacts of tourism seem to less the and the environmental issues in Tunisia seems to be something that the interior regions are working towards solving. To conclude this report finds that saharan tourism is neither more sustainable nor less sustainable than beach tourism because both have negative aspects and positive aspects that need to more balance.

2.1 Objective
The purpose of this report is to;
I. Explore and discuss the impact of tourism development between the coastal and interior region of Tunisia. II. Identify whether Saharan Tourism is more sustainable than Beach Tourism in Tunisia. 3.1 Methodology & Sources of Data

When comparing the impact of tourism development between the coastal region and the interior region of Tunisia an in field study was done. Much of this investigation is based on my observations in the field as a learning diary was conducted giving a detailed day to day description of places visited across Tunisia and my thoughts on the experience. However I along with my group members did conducted a number of activities on the places visited and in some destinations we got the opportunity to carry out various questionnaires on local Tunisians and tourists to find out their thoughts on tourism in Tunisia. In order to conduct a full comparative analysis between the interior and coastal regions the destinations of Hammamet, Sfax Douz and Tozeur which were visited during the trip to Tunisia have been chosen as the regions I intend to focus this investigation on. I. Critique of Methods Used

The fact that the research for this investigation was conducted in the field meant that I was able to get a first hand look at the impacts and ultimately gather some primary data. However, the in field study did have many flaws, which made it difficult and unethical to compare the interior region of Tunisia with the coastal region....
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