Sociol Cultural Impacts of Tourism

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Socio-cultural impacts of tourism in Turkey

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Date: 23 January 2009

Table of Content

Page: Introduction…………………………………………………………..3

1.What are socio- cultural impacts in general?...........................3 2.What is the tourism development in Turkey (Mediterranean area)?………………………………………………………………... 3.What are the impacts for the Mediterranean area?..................

Conclusion………………………………………………………….

Introduction
This report deals with the problem statement “Socio-cultural impacts of tourism in turkey” and will firstly give information about Socio-cultural impacts of tourism in general. Moreover the reader will get an overview of the tourism development with a small focus on the Mediterranean Area. Next an application to the Mediterranean Area will follow in which information about the current situation will be stated. After answering the research questions a conclusion will be drawn. The conclusion will answer the above mentioned problem statement and summaries the main points to refresh the information out of the research questions. Furthermore, a forecast of the future of the Turkish tourism will be made and recommendations will be given.

1.What are socio- cultural impacts in general?
From country to country there are differences e.g. in religion, culture, different development situations and much more. Even within a country there are differences between the individual regions such as clothing or dialects and much more. These cultural, religious or physical differences between tourists and inhabitants can lead to misunderstandings. Moreover a great problem is that visitors often appear very revealing in their way of clothing. They are dressed and behave in such a way they never would do in their own country. Thus, locals often unlike tourists and build up a certain antipathy towards them. Tourists, seen as strangers, have to bear several consequences such as robbery and crimes by residents. Moreover, they possibly get confronted with “prostitution, drug, gambling and sometimes vandalism”. Visitors are often likely to get an insight of the destinations’ culture and do not recognize that they already are hurting the dignity and pride of the locals. Actually, tourists get to know the front region, which only includes public areas such as hotels, bars or restaurants but as nowadays the question is to get to know the authenticity of a country, visitors try to break in the back region (villages or small restaurants, where residents have their food). Another aspect of socio-cultural impacts is the commercialization of traditions such as dances. Even if the locals one the one hand can get easily money with e.g. dancing shows in hotels, of course on the other hand it may occur as indignity for the residents since the purpose of such dancing shows is not always to show the culture but to have fun (e.g. belly dancing of man). Referring to “primitive and isolated areas”, a problem can come up when to many tourists arrive. Supposably locals leave their homes as they feel disturbed and look for new areas. In Africa for example the wildlife conservation and tourism has “affected the hunting and nomadic existence of the local people”. Tourists can also bring a so called “demonstration effect” with them. This means that residents recognize their gap in education and therefore try to work harder in order to imitate the way of living of the tourists. Nevertheless, many residents will be unable to reach their desire to come up to the same education level as the tourists and thus locals may get frustrated or even aggressive. One of the most significant impacts of tourism are the effects on “ the moral standards of local people”. As already mentioned above, crime, prostitution or drugs can be introduced, after they have been important from other areas. Tourists mostly do not think about their own moral behavior in their country and hurt the “moral rules” of the tourism destination. Another important...
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