Sustainable Turism in Differnt Countries

Topics: Tourism, Costa Rica, Sustainable development Pages: 21 (5512 words) Published: April 7, 2013
* Table of Contents

Table of Contents- 1 -
1.Abstract- 2 -
2.Introduction- 4 -
3.Area of Study- 8 -
3.1.Analysis of Sustainable Tourism- 9 -
4.Countries Encouraging Sustainable Tourism- 10 -
Costa Rica- 11 -
Kenya- 13 -
Laos- 15 -
Romania- 17 -
South Africa- 19 -
Switzerland- 21 -
4.1.Brief Introduction of Sustainable Tourism of Different Countries- 23 -
Costa Rica- 23 -
Kenya- 23 -
Laos- 23 -
Romania- 24 -
South Africa- 25 -
Switzerland- 25 -
5.Research Methodology- 27 -
5.1.Research Design- 27 -
5.2.Data Collection Instruments- 27 -
6.Research limitations- 27 -
7.Conclusion- 28 -
8.References- 35 -
9.AppendixError! Bookmark not defined.

1. Abstract
This is a time of change in tourism values around the world. Consumers increasingly demand environmentally friendly and sustainable solutions during their time off from work. The new trend is nature tourism, which involves staying at tourism centers constructed near nature conservation areas. In addition to attitudes, social structures and legislation have an impact on the construction, site selection and activities of tourism centers. NGOs and local inhabitants often actively follow various tourism projects and try to have their say on how they are implemented. Nature conservation, local sustainable development and tourism cannot be combined without many challenges ensuing. Sustainable Tourism is tourism attempting to make as low impact on the environment and local culture as possible, while helping to generate future employment for local people. The aim of sustainable tourism is to ensure that development brings a positive experience for local people, tourism companies and the tourists themselves  Sustainable tourists can reduce the impact of tourism in many ways: * informing themselves of the culture, politics, and economy of the communities visited * anticipating and respecting local cultures, expectations and assumptions * contributing to intercultural understanding and tolerance * supporting the integrity of local cultures by favoring businesses which conserve cultural heritage and traditional values * supporting local economies by purchasing local goods and participating with small, local businesses * conserving resources by seeking out businesses that are environmentally conscious, and by using the least possible amount of non-renewable resources

Sustainable Tourism, it will have the following characteristics: * minimizes negative economic, environmental, and social impacts * generates greater economic benefits for local people and enhances the well-being of host communities, improves working conditions and access to the industry * involves local people in decisions that affect their lives and life chances * makes positive contributions to the conservation of natural and cultural heritage, to the maintenance of the world’s diversity * provides more enjoyable experiences for tourists through more meaningful connections with local people, and a greater understanding of local cultural, social and environmental issues * provides access for people with disabilities and

* Is culturally sensitive, engenders respect between tourists and hosts, and builds local pride and confidence.

2. Introduction
Tourism is a major component of economic growth all over the world. Especially, in coastal areas where it is also a sustainable development. Tourism is expected to exert an increasing influence on coastal landscape, ecosystem and cultural heritage management. Coastal tourism, as well as tourism in general, is to a large extent dependant on an environment that is attractive to visitors. Consequently, protection of natural and cultural heritage is a precondition for sustainable coastal tourism. Protecting areas and sites constitutes an efficient and necessary way of safeguarding natural and cultural heritage. Therefore, such...
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