Turkey: Tourism and Mediterranean Area

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Socio-cultural impacts of tourism in Turkey

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Table of Contents

Page: Introduction…………………………………………………………..3

1.What are socio- cultural impacts in general?...........................4 2.What is the tourism development in Turkey (Mediterranean area)?………………………………………………………………...8 3.What are the impacts for the Mediterranean area?...............12

Conclusion………………………………………………………….15

Introduction
“Today, tourism is one of the largest and dynamically developing sectors of external, economic activities. Its high growth and development rates, considerable volumes of foreign currency inflows, infrastructure development, and introduction of new management and educational experience actively affect various sectors of economy, which positively contribute to the social and economic development of a country as a whole”. (Mirbabyev, B.;Shagazatova, M.) Even if tourism is such a big and important developing sector, on the one hand, positive effects should be taken into consideration, but on the other hand tourism also can have negative impacts as consequence, therefore this report will deal with the problem statement “Socio-cultural impacts of tourism in Turkey”. Firstly, the reader will get a definition of the term “socio-cultural” and receive information about Socio-cultural impacts of tourism in general. He or she will be able to gain an insight into these impacts. Moreover, an overview of the tourism development in Turkey (with a small focus on the Mediterranean Area), will be given. Next, an application to the impacts to the Mediterranean Area will follow. In this chapter information about the current situation will be stated. After answering the individual research questions a conclusion will be drawn. The conclusion will answer the above mentioned problem statement and summarize the main points to refresh the information from the research questions. Furthermore, a forecast of the future of the Turkish tourism will be made and recommendations will be given.

1. What are socio-cultural impacts in general?
First of all the term “socio-cultural” which is a combination of the words “social” and “cultural rather culture” should be defined. But what does social and cultural actually mean? It is hard to define these terms as they have several different meanings. According to the free dictionary by Farlex e.g. “social” can mean “living together in communities” or it is “relating to the upper classes”. (The Free Dictionary by Farlex) In contrast culture is “the system of shared beliefs, values, customs, behaviours, and artifacts that the members of society use to cope with their world and with one another, and that are transmitted from generation to generation through learning”. (A Definition of Culture) Tourism development means also cultural and social change or development as there are differences e.g. in religion, culture, different development situations, attitudes towards strangers and much more from country to country. Even within a country there are differences between the individual regions such as clothing or dialects (culture) and much more. However, tourism development is not the origin reason for social changes in one country. These changes have already been noticed by ancient Greeks. They found out, that there were quite a lot of differences among their city-states when contacting various people with different social and cultural behavior. The differences between tourists and inhabitants determine the extent of the socio-cultural change. Therefore, we firstly have to think of the differences between the inhabitants and the visitors. While the host community has to adapt to the social and cultural changes affected through tourism, the visitors are mostly trying to introduce their own values. Visitors are often likely to get an insight into the destinations’ culture and do not recognize that they already are hurting the dignity and pride of the locals. Actually, tourists get to know the...
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