Forms of Theory Organization

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FORMS OF THEORY ORGANIZATIONS

|CLASSICAL ORGANIZATION THEORY |
|• Scientific Management approach | |• Weber's Bureaucratic approach | |• Administrative theory. |

|NEOCLASSICAL THEORY |

|MODERN ORGANIZATION THEORY |
|• Systems approach |
|• Socio-technical approach |
|• Contingency or Situational approach |

Exhibit 2: Taylor's principles of scientific management
• Science, not rule-of-thumb;
• Scientific selection of the worker
• Management and labour cooperation rather than conflict
• Scientific training of workers
Exhibit 3: Weber's bureaucratic approach
Structure
Specialization
Predictability and stability
Rationality
Democracy
Exhibit 4: Fayol's principles of management: Administrative theory |• Division of work (specialization) |
|• Authority and responsibility |
|• Discipline |
|• Unity of command |
|• Unity of direction |
|• Subordination of individual interest |
|• Remuneration of personnel |
|• Centralization |
|• Scalar chain |
|• Order |
|• Equity |
|• Stability of tenure of personnel |
|• Initiative |
|• Esprit de corps |
|• The concept of line and staff |
|• Committees |
|• Functions of management |
|- planning |
|- organizing |
|- training |
|- commanding |
|- coordinating |

Exhibit 5: Principles of the neoclassical approach
INDIVIDUAL
WORK GROUP
PARTICIPATIVE MANAGEMENT
Exhibit 6: Characteristics of modern approaches to the organization |• Systems viewpoint |
|• Dynamic process of interaction |
|• Multilevelled and multidimensional |
|• Multimotivated |
|• Probabilistic |
|• Multidisciplinary |
|• Descriptive |
|• Multivariable |
|• Adaptive |

Exhibit 7: Modern approaches to organization: The systems approach |COMPONENTS |
|• The individual |
|• The formal and informal organization |
|• Patterns of behaviour |
|• Role perception |
|• The physical environment |
|LINKING PROCESSES |
|• Communication |
|• Balance |
|• Decision analysis |
|GOALS OF ORGANIZATION |
|• Growth |
|• Stability |
|• Interaction |

Exhibit 8: The research organization as a social system
|Characteristics of the research organization | |⇓  | |⇓ | |Complexity | |Degree of inter-dependence between sub-systems | |Openness of...
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