Unit one: Principles of personal responsibilities and working in a business environment
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Please note that this Assessment document has 8 pages and is made up of 7 Sections.
Name: Tracy Packman
Section 1 – Know the employment rights and responsibilities of the employee and employer
1. Identify four main points that would be included in a contract of employment. If possible, use an example contract to support your answer (feel free to obscure any confidential information).
1. Employer’s name and address
2. Job title, duties and responsibilities
3. Contracted hours of work
2a) List three key points of legislation that affect employers in a business environment.
1. Health & Safety at Work Act 1974 sets out the employers responsibility to safeguard his employees. This deals with welfare as well as the work environment and all equipment, plant and machinery. 2. Working Time Directive and Working Time Act 1988 also deals with employee welfare as it sets out the rest periods, maximum working week hours and work patterns. This is especially important for shift workers and drivers as insufficient rest can cause tiredness which may lead to accidents. 3. Data Protection Act 1998, this deals with confidentiality, storage and access to personal data.
2b) List three key points of legislation that affect employees in a business environment.
1. Health & Safety at Work Act 1974 (as above) also gives guidance on employees’ responsibilities 2. Working Time Directive & Working Time Act 1988
3. Data Protection Act.
3. Identify a range of places where a person can find information on employment rights and responsibilities. You should identify at least two internal and two external sources of information.
External sources of information include websites such as acas.org.uk, equalityhumanrights.com and gov.uk, trade unions, libraries, citizens advice bureaus and the government.
Internal sources would include line managers, trade union respresentatives, staff associations, colleagues and employers. Staff handbooks, policies and rule books may be available. Your contract of employment is a good start as it will contain at least the basics and may give more detailed information.
4. Describe how representative bodies can support employees.
Representative bodies such as trade unions can support employees by campaigning on their behalf for better pay and conditions. A trade union can give advice on employment law and rights of its members. A recognised trade union can send someone to attend disciplinary hearings with individuals and speak up on their behalf if there isn’t a work based representative. Non trade union representative bodies such as staff or trade associations have a more restrictive role, and are mainly limited to providing advice and consultations on matters such as pensions, health and safety, collective redundancy and TUPE.
5. Briefly describe employer and employee responsibilities for equality and diversity in a business environment. You should give at least two employer responsibilities and two employee responsibilities.
If possible, provide relevant equality and diversity procedures from your workplace (or place of study) to support your answer. These documents should be annotated to highlight the relevant sections.
Both employer and employee have a duty to treat others...
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