Education in the Vision of Swami Vivekananda Vivekananda realizes that mankind is passing through a crisis. The tremendous emphasis on the scientific and mechanical ways of life is fast reducing man to the status of a machine. Moral and religious values are being undermined. The fundamental principles of civilization are being ignored. Conflicts of ideals, manners and habits are pervading the atmosphere. Disregard for everything old is the fashion of the day. Vivekananda seeks the solutions of all these social and global evils through education. With this end in view, he feels the dire need of awakening man to his spiritual self wherein, he thinks, lies the very purpose of education The Goal or Objective of Education Swamiji defines education as 'the manifestation of the perfection already in man.' The aim of education is to manifest in our lives the perfection, which is the very nature of our inner self. This perfection is the realization of the infinite power which resides in everything and everywhere-existence, consciousness and bliss (satchidananda) Swamiji stands for rousing mans to the awareness of his true self. However, education thus signified does not point towards the development of the soul in isolation from body and mind. We have to remember that basis of Swamiji's philosophy is Advaita which preaches unity in diversity. Therefore, man making for him means a harmonious development of the body, mind and soul. I. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: 1. To bring about physical, intellectual, emotional and ethical integration of an individual with a view to evolving a complete man who possesses the basic values of humanism, secularism and democracy and who is capable of giving a fuller response to social and environment challenges. 2. To develop and promote the faculties of thinking, analysis and reason and a habit of learning in an individual in order to enable him to realize his maximum potential, to increase his general awareness and knowledge and to impart education of excellence as well as of contemporary needs 3. To develop and promote a scientific temper and to train a person in practical science and technology to make him better suited to the increasingly technologically oriented environment.
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4. To provide a background of humanities and social sciences as essential to retaining a social touch and to mellow down the harshness of a mechanical world; to promote the study of classics and develop pride in national culture and heritage. 6. To prepare an individual for calling suited to his aptitude and skills and the needs of the society. 7. To make the rural and urban students fully aware of and interested in the problems of one another to foster a fuller understanding of the rural life in the society of transition which is necessary for appreciating properly the polity and economy of our country and of social forces at work. 8. To generate consciousness of democratic values and freedom which a citizen of India should be prepared to defend; to promote respect for the rights of others and an awareness of one‘s duties to build a strong character and high ethical standards. II. EDUCATIONAL SYSTEM 1. For the attainment of the objectives mentioned in the above, the educational system is broadbased, integrated and inter-disciplinary. It shall be multifaceted so as to cover physical, intellectual and social activities. 2. Emphasis shall be laid on the pursuit of ‗excellence‘ at all levels and in various fields. In major academic subjects the standards set would be high, coverage wide and the introduced to most recent trends of thought. 3. In addition to a set of core-subjects there shall be electives and half-courses to reinforce the broad-based education. Both natural and social sciences would be an essential part of the curriculum. 4. Foundation courses would be designed to create in students an awareness of Indian culture, history and value systems and to impart knowledge of the tenets and beliefs of...
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