An introduction to working with children
There are three different types of settings which provide care and education for children. Statutory sectors are legal requirements which mean the government says they have to be there and also funds the setting. For example a primary school is a statutory sector because children must attend school from the term following their fifth birthday and every local authority must provide this education. They are paid for through taxes and national insurance. Primary schools follow the Foundation Phase curriculum for children aged from four to seven. Parents must send their children to school because it is statutory and schools try to support parents by making sure they have information about how their children are progressing. They also supply a place for children to go during working hours without having to pay.
A voluntary sector is a setting that is set up because people feel it’s something that needs to be in the area and the government is not meeting the needs. It is also a non profit organisation which means they don’t set out to make money. An example of this would be after-school clubs because they are there for reasons to help the community but are not required by law. They are funded by a combination of grants and fees. They provide a safe place for children to learn and excel in different activities and give them time to relax and socialise. Clubs give children good experience for later on in life and are also a big help to the parents who have to worry less about their children getting into trouble on the streets. If parents work longer hours than a typical school day, their children have a safe and caring place to go. A private sector is a setting which is run by a company or has an owner and they aim to make a profit from the fees that they charge. A private sector is not run by the government. A day nursery is an example of private sector provision because it is not compulsory but provides care for babies and young children under the age of compulsory education to help parents who need somewhere to care for their children while they are at work. Day nurseries look after children that are too young to go to school. They provide care for the child in a safe environment and teach them basic skills to prepare them for primary school. Day nurseries are very helpful to parents who need to go back to work. They help them to stay calm and feel comfortable in going back to work knowing their child is in safe hands and many day nurseries also provide after school care.
The 1948 Children Act in England and Wales required local authorities to care for children whose parents were not capable of looking after them properly. “In 1989, governments worldwide promised all children the same rights by adopting the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC). These rights are based on what a child needs to survive, grow, participate and fulfil their potential. They apply equally to every child, regardless of who they are, or where they are from.” (UNICEF, 2012) The main legislation for England and Wales that supports the rights of children is The Children Act 2004. The Welsh Assembly Government brought out a document called Children and Young People: Rights To Action which explains in more detail the changes that needed to take place in Wales. The main point is that all organisations working with children must work together and share information. All local authorities in Wales must have a Children’s Services Coordinator and each local authority is able to organise themselves in the best way to suit their area. The seven main aims from Rights to Action are: “1. A flying start in life
2. A comprehensive range of education, training and learning opportunities. 3. The best possible health, free from abuse, victimisation, and exploitation. 4. Play, leisure, sporting and cultural activities.
5. To be treated with respect and have their race...
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