Topics: Ethics, Mental health, Morality Pages: 6 (1663 words) Published: August 1, 2013
1. What is Professional Counseling?
The application of mental health, psychological or human development principles, through cognitive, affective, behavioral or systemic interventions, strategies that address wellness, personal growth or career development as well as pathology. 2. Counseling vs. Psychotherapy

Psychotherapy is more internal, and deep. It is more focused on the past, whereas counseling is more focused on the present. In psychotherapy, insight is more important than change, and the therapist’s role is as more of an expert. Psychotherapy is also long-term, where counseling is usually more short term. Counseling focuses on the Wellness Model –understanding the person in their context (job/family/community) 3. Discuss what is meant by counseling being an Art?

Even though counseling techniques can be subjective and creative like an art, is still uses technique and strategies, and has standards that must be met. 4. ACA, CACREP, NBCC, APGA
ACA – American Counseling Association
CACREP – Council for Accreditation of Counseling and Related Educational Programs NBCC – National Board for Certified Counselors
APGA – American Personnel and Guidance Association
5. 4 personal qualities counselors should have

Ability to listen and be empathetic
Ability to have a conversation
Empathy and Understanding
Emotional Insightfulness
Capacity for Self Denial
Tolerance for Intimacy
Comfortable with Power
Goodwill – Do No Harm
Self Awareness
Maintaining Effectiveness
Remaining Objective
Accepting and Confronting Situations
Ability to Laugh
Intellectual Competence
6. Briefly discuss burnout and 2 ways to avoid it or lessen the likelihood it will occur Burnout is the physical, mental and emotional exhaustions brought on by involvement over prolonged periods with emotionally demanding situations and people. Understand that you are there to support the client and lead them to empowerment, not to “fix” them. Some ways to avoid burnout are to seek counseling yourself, seeking supervision and guidance, taking a break or a vacation, joining a peer support group, getting regular exercise, meditation, taking time to enjoy hobbies, and seeking support from family and friends. Traumatic events in the counselor’s personal life may contribute to the stress felt when dealing with client issues at the same time. 7. Know terms

Ethics is a discipline within philosophy that is concerned with human conduct and moral decision making and are the ideal standards expected by a profession. It governs relationships within a profession Morals are determined within a broad context of culture of society. They are our own and are often influenced by family, community and religion Laws dictate minimum standards of behavior that a society will tolerate Autonomy respects the freedom of choice

Nonmaleficence Do not harm
Beneficence Be helpful and do not blame
Justice Fairness to all clients
Veracity Being honest and upfront
Fidelity Loyalty and faithful to what my profession dictates Vicarious Liability- individuals who have control and authority over others will be held accountable for their negligence. (Supervisor is responsible for the actions he/she supervises) Common Law laws that developed as a result of court decisions (set by judicial precident) Regulations accepted guidelines set forth by a profession

Federal Laws trumps rules and is established as the minimum requirements set by the government Rules established within the system
Tort Law law resulting from the private sector (laws that result from the suffering or harm from the private sector) 8. Be able to distinguish between Principle Ethics and Virtue Ethics Principal ethics have their foundation in moral principles, which are agreed upon assumptions or beliefs about ideals that are shared by members of the helping profession. ( “What should I do” [respect for autonomy, nonmaleficence,...
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