What Exactly Is an Information System? How Does It Work? What Are Its Management, Organization, and Technology Components?

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3. What exactly is an information system? How does it work? What are its management, organization, and technology components? a) Define an information system and describe the activities it performs.

From the textbook defines an information system as a set of interrelated components that work together to collect, process, store, and disseminate information to support decision making, coordination, control, analysis, and visualization in an organization. In addition to supporting decision making, information systems may also help managers and workers analyze problems, visualize complex subjects, and create new products.. From the internet information system is a combination of people, hardware, software, communication devices, network and data resources that processes (can be storing, retrieving, transforming information) data and information for a specific purpose. The operation theory is just similar to any other system, which needs inputs from user (key in instructions and commands, typing, scanning). The inputted data then will be processed (calculating, reporting) using technology devices such as computers, and produce output (printing reports, displaying results) that will be sent to another user or other system via a network and a feedback method that controls the operation. The picture below shows the procedure of Information System when it works. From PC Magazine Encyclopedia information system is a business application in the computer. It is made up of the database, application programs and manual and machine procedures. It also encompasses the computer systems that do the processing. Three activities in an information system can produce the information that organizations need to make decisions, control operations, analyze problems, and create new products to make decisions, control operations, analyze problems, and create new products or services. These activities are input, processing and output such as figure 1.1. Input captures or collects raw...
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