Waste Management

Topics: Recycling, Waste management, Waste Pages: 45 (13334 words) Published: March 4, 2013
Solid Waste Management Made Easy
A Do-It-Yourself Guide to a Community-Based Ecological Solid Waste Management Programme

The publication of this handbook is part of the CommunityBased Ecological Solid Waste Management Programme of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) and the Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), with funding assistance from the Government of Japan. The Programme is implemented through the National Solid Waste Management Commission (NSWMC), and supported by the Environmental Management Bureau, an attached agency of the DENR mandated to restore, protect, and enhance environmental quality in the country. The Programme aims to serve as a catalyst for the implementation of Republic Act No. 9003 (the Ecological Solid Waste Management Act) by providing a bottom-up approach to ecological solid waste management from which best practices could be derived for replication.

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Contents
Chapter 1: For starters………………………….....................................7 • What this handbook is about……………….....................................7 • Why I should participate………………...........................................8 • Our goals………………………………………...................................9 • Defining terms………………………………….................................10 • Republic Act 9003 in a nutshell……………...................................11 • Penalties and sanctions…………….................................................13 • Relationship between sectors and the barangay…...........16 Chapter 2: Where to begin……….......…………...............................17 • Starting waste segregation…………………………....................17 • The key: Segregation at source…………………..........................17 • The four types of waste……………………….………....................17 • What’s in each type ………………………………..........................18 • Containers……………………………………...………....................21 • Recycling made easy……………………........………....................21 • Case Study: Barangay COMEMBO, Makati City…………........22 Chapter 3: The Three Rs: Reduce, Reuse and Recycle …..............23 • Case Study: Brgy. Sto Niño, Parañaque City.................................24 Chapter 4: How to make compost…………....………....................25 • The benefits of composting……………….....………....................25 • What can be composted……………….......………....................25 • How it’s done……………………......................……….....................26 • A quick method of making compost………………....................27 • Starting your own composting………...........………....................28 • Case Study: Barangay Rosario, Pasig City....................................30 Chapter 5: Starting an ESWM Program..................................……...31 • Where to begin……………………………………………..............31 • Deigning your own MRS………………………………………........33 • The five Es…………………………………………….........................35 • Having an MRF on a shoestring budget……………………......36 • How to make a simple MRF………………………………………..37 • Collection and scheduling………………………………………..38 • How to handle waste……………………………………………...38 Chapter 6: How it’s done: Techniques and technology……......39 •Biodegradables……………………………………………...............39 • Recyclable waste……………………………………………..........40 • Residual waste……………………………………………................41 • Case Study: Municipality of Navotas…………………….............42 Chapter 7: Where our residual waste go …………........................43 • How a dumpsite works………………………………......................43 • The Rodriguez Sanitary Landfill…………………………………..44 • The Payatas Controlled Dumpsite……………………………....45 • Dangers in a dumpsite……………………………………………..46 • How a sanitary landfill works………………………………...........47 • Case Study: 1618 Sunflower Green……………………………....48 Chapter 8: Monitoring and Evaluation...............................………49 References Acknowledgements

Message
The country should be safeguarded against problems brought about by environmental degradation. For...
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