Mrs D M Brunsdon
* Know the structure of education from early years to post-compulsory education 1.1 summaries entitlement and provision for early year’s education In the UK all children aged between 3 and 4 years have the right to receive the minimum of 15 hours education which can be used between 3 and 5 days per week. There are many ways that this can be provided. * Nursery schools
These are stand alone schools for children ages 3 to 4 years old. Some have their own head teacher and trained nursery staff, and may be state funded; however there are also privately run nursery schools. * Nursery classes
These are attached to a primary school and usually have a separate playground and building within a primary school. * Pre-Prep schools
These are school similar to a modern preschool or nursery school for 2 to 4 years old. They part of private and or independent schools. These charge fees like private nurseries but only above 15 hours basic entitlement. * Child Minder ( Individual Childcare Provider)
This is an individual who looks after children in the child minders own home. All child minders in the UK must be registered and are inspected by Ofsted following the Early Years Foundation Framework published in 2008. They are run like small businesses and payment is an agreed amount between the minder and the parent/ carers.
1.2 Explain the characteristics of the different types of schools in relation to education stages and school governance
When children reach the age of 5 they then move into Key stage 1 there are also many different types of school at this level. * Primary Schools
This type of school will often than not have a nursery attached; this allows an easier transition from one form of education to another, and will follow the national curriculum for KS 1 and KS2.
* Independent /Private schools
This type of independent school is often paid for by fees by parents, investors and charities. They are also financially free from the local authority, and this allows them to opt out of the National Curriculum, and have more say in the subjects that they teach. The school is inspected by ISI inspectors, who are the equivalent of OFSTED in the independent sector. * Community Schools
These schools are run by the local authority; this give them more control over how the school is run, also the admissions criteria, the employment of staff and the school development. The school will follow the national curriculum for KS 1 and KS2, and will come under the inspection of OFSTED.
This type of school is becoming more common in the UK. They have more freedom and say about the organisation of their school and there budget, they are also able to break away from the rule of the local authority, allowing them to employ their own staff. They usually have sponsors to help with the school income.
1:3 explain the post 16 option for young people and adults
Secondary and Sixth form
This allows students to stay in an environment that they are used to, sixth forms offer many different types of further education qualifications such as BTECS, AS Levels, QCF’s (Qualifications and Credit Framework) and the International Baccalaureate. Most secondary schools in the UK now have a specialism and there are some that specialise in SEN (special Educational Needs) that also follow the National curriculum. Apprenticeships
Modern apprentices are employed and paid wages and linked to a group of employers. The student will gain key skills and work towards key qualifications. They take between 1 and 4 years to complete depending on the level of apprenticeship. The apprentice will work alongside experienced staff, to gain job-specific skills and study for usually 1 day a week. This is more of a vocational route to post 16 education. Higher Education
Higher education offers a larger range...