Supporting Teaching and Learning in Schools Level2

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Types and characteristics of different schools

Grammar school

Grammar schools are state schools. The age range for a grammar school is usually between 11 and 16. To attend a grammar school you have to be selected based on your ability. A test called the 11+ is taken, and if you pass, you can attend that school. The school is also selective about who takes the test or has the most chance of passing. Grammar school classes are a lot smaller and therefore each child gets higher support. There is often more than one teacher per class. There are not however many grammar schools around as there used to be. Grammar schools are inspected by OFSTED.

Secondary sports academy

This would be a normal secondary school with added extra ‘top notch’ facilities for sport. The age range is 11-16. The school would be classed as an academy for sports if it had more modern and extra facilities for sports than a secondary school would normally have. This is a state run school. Young people who would attend this academy would usually want to go there because of the sports and not just because of the secondary school. You can also get academy secondary schools in other subject areas, often arts or technology. These schools are inspected by OFSTED.

Community primary school

A community primary school is a school for ages 3-11 where the junior and infant school are classed as one rather than split up into two parts. It is a state run school and attendants are usually local to the school. The school accepts any child from any standard or background. Many schools of this type exist, although a lot have now split into two parts, the infant and the junior. Community primary schools are inspected by OFSTED.

Special school

Special schools are state run schools. They cover from reception age to year 11, but not necessarily at the same location. The school is for children with special educational needs. Some children with SEN can go to community primary schools or ordinary schools, depending of the level of extra help they require. The teachers who teach at a special school would usually have been properly qualified in SEN in order to help each child or young person effectively. These schools are inspected by OFSTED and an outside SENCO officer.

Boarding school

Boarding schools are independent schools but still usually stick to the curriculum. They are usually a paid for school, but it is not the education that is paid for but the accommodation. Boarding school is a school where children learn and usually live at. Often some of the staff will live there also. The age range of a boarding school is usually 11-16. Children would commonly go home during holidays. Boarding schools are inspected by the Independent Schools Inspectorate.

Preparatory school

A prep school is an independent school that usually prepares children to go on to a grammar school. The age range of a usual prep school is 3-13 years. Prep schools are usually day to day schools, but there are a few which take on boarders. Pupils at prep schools are usually challenged to the best of their abilities so they are ready for the grammar school when leaving. Prep schools often have a broad curriculum and a lot of specialist teachers are involved in the school. Prep schools are usually inspected by the Independent Schools Inspectorate rather than OFSTED.

Sixth form

The age range of sixth form is between 16 and 18. They are independent higher level schools where you can study A levels before moving on to university. Sixth form is often attended straight after secondary school, although some secondary schools have their own sixth form within the school. Sixth forms study the curriculum but sometimes stretch further. There is not usually a test for sixth form, but some sixth forms often require you to have passed a certain amount of GCSE’s A-C to study for the A levels. Sixth forms are OFSTED inspected.

Describe the roles and...
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