1.2.- Explain the characteristics of the different types of schools in relation to educational stage(s) and school governance.
There are four main types of mainstream schools that are funded by local authorities and must follow the National Curriculum.
Community schools are run and owned by local authorities (in Northern Ireland it’s the Education and Library Board). They support the school through developing links with the local community and providing support services. The LA would also usually determine the admissions policy. Being a community school, they may also encourage the use of school facilities by local groups such as childcare and adult learning classes.
Foundations schools are run by their own governing body which employs the staff and set the admissions criteria. The land and building is also owned by the governing body or a charitable foundation. A Trust school is a type of foundation school but will form a charitable Trust with an outside partner such as a business. A Trust school has to buy in their own support services. The governing body and parents must consult and decide together whether to become a Trust school.
There are two types of voluntary schools. Voluntary - aided schools are mainly religious or ‘faith’ schools, however anyone can apply to attend there. Like foundation schools, they are run by the governing body but the land is owned by a religious organisation or charity. They are funded partly by the governing body, partly by the charity and partly by the local authorities who also provide the support services. Voluntary - controlled schools are very similar except they are both run and funded by the local authorities who also provide the stuff and support services and sets the admissions criteria.
Specialist schools are usually secondary schools who have applied for specialist status to develop 1 or 2 subject specialisms. In England, around 92% of secondary schools have specialist status and...