Tourism and Development|
Individual assignment task: Why is tourism selected as development tool by so many developing nations?| |
The introduction of this essay will be focus on tourism reality selected as a development tool by many developing nations. Development has usually been treated as a process, a particular kind of social change. Nevertheless, development is also a state or condition. Whenever a society is called developed or underdeveloped we refer to its present condition. Similarly, when development is declared to be a major goal of Third World nations, the allusion is to a terminal condition, not to a process. Thus, the single term 'development' refers to both the destination of a journey and to the journey itself. (Goulet, G., 1968, On the goals of development, Cross Currents, 18) Firstly, "Tourism" and "Development" need a definition, and as UK Tourism Society has been proposed: Tourism is the temporary short-term movement of people to destinations outside the places where they normally live and work, and their activities during their stay at these places; it includes movement for all purposes, as well as day visits or excursions. (Telfer, 15 Dec 2007)
Tourism seems to be the largest industry in the past few decades and it's increasing by the time, also it does an important role in many Third World's destinations as a market for international tourists. In fact, tourism is best link that these countries have with the exterior because of the importance of their development economic. As we know, tourism is one of the most important forces shaping our world (Cohen & Kennedy, 2000, p. 214) and it is viewed as an attractive development option for many parts of the developing world. Otherwise, the term refers to development could be applied for those countries which wants to achieve or to get a balance stage or a condition development. Is not just means the way that this country it's in progress every time, it means the capacity to change overtime and be different from others too. These changes are succeeding in economic, cultural, political and social dimensions, limited by the environment's capacity of the country. The factors or influence on tourism's development are: the consumption of tourism, tourism production system, global political economy and global socio-cultural environment. All of these factors are due to characteristics of the destination, such as accessibility, stage of economic development, social and political structures, resource capabilities, etc. Nevertheless, developed countries are those which are technology and economic advanced, they have a high quality of modern social life and political structures and institutions. In particular, they are encouraged to use it as a means of economic development that wreaks less damage than extractive industries (Russell & Stabile, 2003) and can be used to generate revenue for other developmental activities (Mathieson & Wall, 1982). However, developing countries are looking for the potential of tourism benefits, to achieve economic (link in rural and economic regeneration in many industrialized nations) and social development in theses destinations. In addition, tourism also contributes to the preservation of cultures at a time when globalisation is arguably a force for cultural accommodation (Cohen & Kennedy, 2000); it is also a good weapon promoting peace and understanding between peoples (World Tourism Organization (WTO), 1980). Consequently, globalisation is characterised by cultural homogenisation as Western consumption and lifestyle pattern expansion around the world, a process without doubt, facilitated by the abundance from the west to the Third World. The interactions of business corporations in international scales and their challenges have impacts in terms of economies, cultures, politics and environments. An economic globalisation has been the increasing power of tourism companies within the industry, and...