The Problem and Review of Related Literature

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Chapter 1
The Problem and Review of Related Literature
Introduction
“A journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step.” –Confucius.
This quote from the famous Chinese philosopher must be true for every student who wishes to study abroad and attain a winning career. Students should be careful in choosing which country they will spend their time and money for studying because if they made a wrong step or move, the journey to success would be different to them to take.

Few countries in Asia can match the country when it comes to providing quality education and fun at the same time. For many in the world of education, the months of May and June represent the end of the academic year and the start of tourism's high season. Thus, from the perspective of the tourism industry as the academic year wanes, new tourism educational opportunities begin to wax. Educational tourism is one of the fastest growing areas of the travel and tourism and one that is too often overlooked by tourism professionals and marketers. For example, many meetings and conventions have either an educational component to them or serve their members by being educational instruments. Often educational tourism is called by other names, such as career enhancement, job development or self-actualization experiences. Educational tourism then comes in a wide variety of formats, yet despite the differences all forms of educational tourism have a number of points in common. Among these are, the idea that travel is as much about self-improvement as it is about relaxation, that learning can be fun, and that learning is for people of all ages. Here are just some of the opportunities for your location to attract educational tourism income. Tuguegarao City is a First class city in the province of Cagayan, Philippines. It is the city capital of Cagayan and the regional capital of Region 02. Tuguegarao is the economic center (commercial, education, trade, health etc.) of the Cagayan Valley Region; it is located on a peninsula in the Cagayan Valley. It is sheltered by the Sierra Madre Mountains in the East; Cordilleras in the West; and, the Caraballo Mountains in the South. It grew on the banks of the Cagayan River and the Pinacanauan River, near the southern border of the province. Tuguegarao is a City of Excellence for Education, Commerce, Trade and Culture and as the Economic Center of Region 02, Tuguegarao City continuously aims for outstanding performance and competence in administration, citizen participation, community and economic development, cultural arts, education, fiscal management, infrastructure, intergovernmental cooperation, planning, public safety, recreation and leisure services, social services, and technology.

There are several universities and colleges are located in the city. Majority of the universities and colleges of the Province of Cagayan are in Tuguegarao. Hence, because of the presence of many universities that are situated in the city, Tuguegarao City is considered to be the University Belt of Region 02. Students from China, Congo, India, Nigeria, Pakistan and South Korea have come to study at St. Paul University Philippines and Cagayan State University. Most of the international students have come to study degrees such as Bachelor of Science in Nursing, Bachelor of Science in Biology, Bachelor of Secondary Education and Doctor of Medicine.

Review of Related Literature and Studies
Every piece of ongoing research needs to be connected with the work already done, to attain an overall relevance and purpose. The review of related literature thus becomes a link between the research proposed and the studies already done. It tells the reader about aspects that have been already established or concluded by other authors, and also give a chance to the reader to appreciate the evidence that has already been collected by previous research, and thus projects the current research work in the proper perspective.

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