The different types of schools in relation to educational stages and school governance.
The four main types of mainstream state schools that are funded by local authority are known as maintained schools. All children in England between the ages of five and 16 are entitled to a free place at a state school. Most go to state schools. Children normally start primary school at the age of four or five, but many schools now have a reception year for four year olds. Children normally leave at the age of 11, moving on to secondary school. Most state schools admit both boys and girls, though some are single-sex. The four main types of state school all receive funding from local authorities. They all follow the National Curriculum and are regularly inspected by Ofsted. Community Schools - These are run and owned by the local authority. This will also support the school through looking into links with the local community and by providing support services. They will also usually determine the admissions policy. They may develop the use of school facilities by local groups such as adult education or childcare. Foundation and Trust Schools – Foundation schools are run by their own governing body and they determine the admissions policy in consultation with the local education authority. The school land and buildings will be owned by the governing body or charitable foundation. A trust school will form a charitable Trust with an outside partner, such as a business. The school will have to buy in any support services. The decision to become a trust school will be made by the governing body in consultation with the parents. Voluntary-aided schools and Voluntary-controlled schools - Voluntary-aided schools are mainly religious or 'faith' schools, although anyone can apply for a place. As with foundation schools, the governing body employs the staff and sets the admissions criteria. School buildings and land are normally owned by a charitable foundation, often a religious...
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