Schools as organisations
Every three and four year old child is entitled Voluntary-aided schools (VA) schools are maintained schools and often, but not always, have a religious character. These schools are eligible for capital funding by grant from the Department, to free early years education. Funding is available for 12.5 hours a week and 38 weeks per year. Free places are available in school nurseries and private day nurseries.
Community Schools – These Schools are controlled by the local council and not influenced by business or religious groups. These schools are state funded and are run by the local education authority (LEA). The staff are employed by the LEA but the govening body is responsible for the running of the school. The LEA decides the “admissions criteria” to use if the school has more applicants than places. Some of the possible criteria are;
1. If you live in the area.
2. If the child has any siblings at the school.
The local Authority also provides support services, for example, psychological and special educational needs services. Pupils who attend a community school must follow the national curriculum. Community schools also help to develop strong links with the community by offering the use of their facilities and providing services i.e. childcare and adult learning programmes.
Trust Schools – A Trust School is a local authority maintained school which is supported by a charitable Trust which appoints some of the governors. It remains part of the local authority, family of schools. It operates within the same frameworks as other maintained schools:
• teaches the National Curriculum;
• Follow the Schools Admissions Code and;
• Can be inspected by Ousted.
Teaching staff are employed under the terms of the School Teachers’ Pay and Conditions Document. The local authority funds the school on the same basis as all other local authority schools and retains its intervention powers if there are problems at the school.
Trust schools differ because their charitable Trust (the North Tyneside Learning Trust) establishes a long-term relationship with external partners and involves them in the school’s governance and leadership. The governing body of a Trust School (which retains parents, staff, community and authority governors) remains responsible for all major decisions about the school and its future.
The skills and experience of the Learning Trust-appointed governors strengthen the whole governing body and make a contribution to the school’s ethos. The governing body remains responsible for all aspects of the conduct of the school (including the school’s budget and staff), and so responsibilities and accountabilities remain clear.
A Trust School does mean that:
• The school becomes its own admissions authority
• The governing body becomes the employer
• Land, building and assets will be transferred from the local authority (LA), and held by the Trust
Specialist schools - Children who have a statement of special educational needs (SEN) can and usually are educated in mainstream schools if the school has provisions that are suitable for that child, however children with SEN can also be educated in specialist schools. Special schools usually take children with particular types of special needs. The majority of a schools funding is provided by the department for education and skills (DFES) through the local education authority, however not all schools for pupils with SEN are maintained by the local authority and are funded by fees that are paid by the parents or charitable trust funds.
Independent/private schools; these schools are not maintained by the local authority and are independent in their finances and governance. Independent schools are funded by a combination of tuition fees that are paid by...
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