Schools as Organization

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Schools as Organisations

Outcome 1 : Know the different types of schools in the education sector.

1.1- Identify the main types of state and independent school.
- Specialist
- Church school
- Preparatory schools
- Charity and foundation schools
- Grammar schools
- Academies

1.2 – describe the characteristics of the different types of schools in relation to educational stages and school governance.

Independent schools are not government funded and rely on fees and investments to fund school maintenance in relation to educational stages. Independent schools keep pupils until they are 18 years old. They form their own curriculum and are not necessarily regulated by OFSTED.

Independent schools are not dependent upon national or local government for financing its operation and instead operated by tuition charges, gifts, and perhaps the investment yield of an endowment.

The main advantage of UK independent schools is their ability to concentrate on meeting the needs and aspirations of their pupils, rather than spending too much time on Government-imposed targets. These schools have an excellent record of adding value at all levels of ability. There are also ICS (independent school council) schools, these are distinguished from other independent schools by that they are accredited and inspected by the Independent Schools Inspectorate (ISI) under a framework agreed between ISC and the UK Government Department for Education (DfE) and the UK Office for Standards in Education (Ofsted).

A government funded school or state school has no fees, no entrance exam and they follow the national curriculum as well as bring regulated by OFSTED.

Are all state schools the same?

No. There are three types of state schools, which are organised differently:

1. • schools under control of local authorities, and run according to their policies and ethos

2. • schools under the control of their governors, and run on a more individual basis

3. • schools funded by businesses and private donors

There are also other reasons why state schools may differ from each other:

1. • Some schools, known as ‘faith’ schools, are given funds by churches, including (most frequently) the Church of England, the Roman Catholic Church, the Methodist Church and the Muslim community. These schools are likely to have an emphasis on faith in their teaching and probably also in their culture.

2. • Secondary schools are now allowed to emphasise any part of the curriculum in which they specialize – such as languages, the media, arts, sports or technology. These schools still teach all aspects of the curriculum in England and Wales, Scotland, or Northern Ireland (which vary slightly), and your child will receive an all-round education.

3. • Some parts of the UK, including Northern Ireland and a few counties in England, have selective systems, under which children take an examination at the age of eleven which decides whether they should go to a grammar or secondary modern school. Children who show higher ability in the exams are selected for the grammar school. These schools are now being phased out and eighty-seven per cent of UK children go to state comprehensive schools, which cater for all abilities.

4. • Schools may have very different ethos because they are all, within limits, managed by governing bodies consisting of teachers, parents and people elected from the local community.

Outcome 2 : Know how schools are organised in terms of roles and responsibilities.


2.1(b) Senior management team-
Head teacher- responsible for long term management of the school and strategic direction of the school.

Deputy head- role is to act alongside the head-teacher and be able to step in and take on head-teachers role in a case of illness. Teaching skills, experience and knowledge are also required as covering for teaching staff will be essential in case of absence.

2.1(c) These...
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