Research and Theories

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Research and Theories
Terrie Gill
Unit 1 IP

Dear, Police Captain;
To start off I would just like to give thanks for my opportunity to join you in your work. As an expert in the Criminal Justice Field, I would like to share my expertise to help you determine a solution to your new citywide crime prevention strategy. The four areas of research theories that I would like to review are deductive, inductive, grounded, and axiomatic. The first thing I am going to do is give a generalization of the four types of theories that I have provided. The reason for this is so that there can be a basic understanding of each type. Deductive reasoning takes information that is general and gives it a specific instance. An example of deductive reasoning would be that lions sleep twenty hours a day. Knowing that this is true of one we would know that it is true of all the species of lions based on their biology. Inductive reasoning is taking detailed facts to general principles. An example that was on one of the websites I used was that “All the cows that I have ever seen are spotted.” Another one would be that the Sun rises and sets every day. It is a simplified version of facts like speed, location, and viewpoints. Grounded Theory is a systematic methodology in the social science involving generation of theory from data. Mainly used in qualitative research, but is also applicable to quantitative data. In simple terms it is a reverse use of the scientific method. You start out collecting data in many different ways and then you propose a hypothesis. Axiomatic System is any set of axioms (or postulate is a proposition that is not proven or demonstrated but considered to be either self evident or knowing to be true without proof) from which some or all axioms can be used in conjunction to logically derive theorems. In simple terms it knows that the data is factual without having it having to be proven. The similarities of deductive and inductive are that they both involve...
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