Logical Thinking Worksheet

Topics: Logic, Deductive reasoning, Inductive reasoning Pages: 3 (669 words) Published: December 16, 2012
University of Phoenix Material

Logical Thinking Worksheet

Use the following questions to guide you through your exploration of logical thinking and arguments. Answer the questions as completely as possible, and provide examples where needed.

1. What is a logical argument? A course of methodical reasoning directed to validate the truth or falsehood 2. When and how do we use them? We use logical arguments to create proof to validate a specific point. If a person wants to prove a point they will use logical arguments 3. What parts do they contain? The Premises are the supporting evidence to the argument The Inference comes from the premise and determines the validity of the theory Syllogism

1. What makes something a syllogism? A syllogism is the ability to assemble a conclusion from the connecting information gathered to form the inference 2. Why do people use syllogisms? Syllogisms are ways to prove a truth or validate a cause. A syllogism offers a sequence of rational to support the theory 3. How do people create syllogisms? Syllogisms are created from questions that are categorically correct. Constructing a hypothesis then obtaining further specifics to form a conclusion can create syllogisms. 4. Construct a syllogism. Label its parts.

My dog has four legs. Major Premise
My coffee table has four legs. Minor Premise
My dog is a coffee table. Conclusion
Deductive Argument
1. What makes an argument deductive? A deductive argument has absolute proof in the theory thus creating a valid deductive argument 2. Why do people use deduction? Deductive arguments demonstrates that each premise builds upon each other to prove the given conclusion will then be valid 3. How do people create them? A deductive argument can be created by having a theory by which steps are formed that prove the theory true thus making a final conclusion from the premises that build upon each...
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