Principles and Practices of Management

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Principles and Practices of Management

Subject Code – B-101

Section A: Objective Type

Q1.A plan is a trap laid to capture the ___________

a) Future

Q2.It is the function of employing suitable person for the enterprise:

b) Staffing

Q3.______________ means “group of activities & employee into departments”:

(d) Departmentation

Q4. This theory states that authority is the power that is accepted by others.

a) Acceptance theory

Q5.It means dispersal of decision making power to the lower levels of the organization.

(c) Dispersion

Q6.This chart is the basic documentation of the organizational structure.

(c) Master Chart

Q7.Communication which flow from the superiors to subordinates with the help of scalar chain is known as:

b) Downward communication

Q8.Needs for belongingness, friendship, love, affection, attention & social acceptance are

(d) Social needs

Q9.A management function which ensures “jobs to be filled with the right people, with the right knowledge, skill and attitude”:

(a) Staffing defined

Q10.It is a process that enables a person to sort out issues and reach to a decision affecting their life.

(d) Counseling

Part Two

Short Notes Type Questions:

Q1.Differentiate between ‘Administration’ and ‘Management’.

Ans.Management and administration may seem the same, but there are differences between the two. Administration has to do with the setting up of objectives and crucial policies of every organization. What is understood by management, however, is the act or function of putting into practice the policies and plans decided upon by the administration.

Administration is a determinative function, while management is an executive function. It also follows that administration makes the important decisions of an enterprise in its entirety, whereas management makes the decisions within the confines of the framework, which is set up by the administration. In administration, the planning and organizing of functions are the key factors, whereas, so far as management is concerned, it involves motivating and controlling functions. When it comes to the type of abilities required by an administrator, one needs administrative qualities, rather than technical qualities. In management, technical abilities and human relation management abilities are crucial. Therefore, we can see that these two terms are distinct from one another, each with their own set of functions. Both these functions are crucial, in their own ways, to the growth of an organization.

Q2.What were the common drawbacks in classical and Neo classical theories of management? Ans.Both theories were based on certain assumptions and in both cases assumptions were found unrealistic and not applicable to the organizations at a later date. Both theories had limited applicability and were not universal in their approach. With the changing times several other sectors had cropped up and dynamics and working conditions were changing, whereas both the theories were based primarily on manufacturing sector. Though both the theories were based on human aspect and laid emphasis on it they failed to take into account all the aspects of the human behavior. Both the theories took a rigid and static view of the organization, whereas an organization is not static but dynamic. Many management Gurus believe that neo classical theory is just a slight extension of the classical theory with slight modifications and its bankrupt, because it suggests nothing new. Q3.Write a short note on “line organization”.

Ans.Organization refers to the structure of people that work for any establishment or institution including business firms, government departments, service organizations, and social institutions. Organization structure defines the relationships that exist between the people in an organization. Line organization is a type of...
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