Nvq 3 Unit 302 - All

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Unit 302. 1.1

Summarise entitlement and provision for early years.

In 2006 all 3/4 year olds were entitled to up to 12.5 hours a week during term time free early years education. This was increased to 15 hours a week in September 2011. There are free pre-schools which are run by the local authorities that children can attend for 3 hours a day once they have turned 3 or if children are already in a day nursery then they will have 15 hours a week deducted off their bill the term after the child turns 3. The day nursery has to follow the strict guidelines set out by Every Child Matters and Early Years Foundation Stage curriculum as do the local authority pre-schools. The main aim for the early years settings is for children to learn through play and to start to form friendships and social skills that they need later in life. Children should be allowed to practice mark making without the pressure to write and to role playing is encouraged to help bring out their personalities. The Early Years Foundation Stage (EYFS) starts from the age of 3 and continues up to the end of reception class in school.

Unit 302 – 1.2

Explain the characteristics of the different types of school in relation to education stage(s) and school government.

Schools can be run by 3 different sources and they are:

• State schools – funded by the local authorities

• Independent/private schools – funded by parents contributions and charity donations

• Academies – funded by local businesses

I will now breakdown each source.

State Schools

There are 4 types of state run school. The local authorities are maintained by the local councils and have to follow the National Curriculum. The 4 types of state school are:

• Community schools – Run by the local authorities and they are also in charge of the admissions policy.

• Foundation and trust schools – These are run by a governing body who also decide on the admissions policy.

• Voluntary schools – These are split into 2 types – Voluntary aided – Run by their own governing body who decides on their admission policy Voluntary controlled – Local authority run and in charge of the admissions policy.

• Specialist schools – Run by local authority who determined the admission policy.

Independent schools

Independent and private schools do not necessarily have to follow the national curriculum but they do have to register with DFE (Department for Education) as they still need to be monitored to ensure that the children are still being taught to an acceptable level. The schools have their own admission policies that they decide upon.

Academies

Academies are run by the local authorities and they have to adhere to the national curriculum. They do rely on local businesses to support and fund them but it is the local authority that determines the admissions policy.

Unit 302. 1.3

Explain the post 16 options for young people and adults

After turning 16 young people can choose to leave school and start working. There are other options and they are:

• 6th form – A levels or A/S levels, more G.C.S.E’s or G.N.V.Qs

• College – A levels or A/S levels, G.N.V.Q’s or N.V.Q’s

• Apprenteships

• Work placements

There are several places young people can get advice from to help decide what to do next. Some schools offer career advice or there are places like Connexions that are especially set up for 16-19 year olds to give advice and training to help young people get into employment. 16 is a very young age to decide what young people want to do with the rest of their life so connexions can talk through all options available for them and to give them confidence.

Unit 302. 2.1

Explain the strategic purpose of:

A) School governors

School governors are a group of 10-20 people made up of parents,...
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