Develop a Proposal/protocol for the conduct of a systematic review in a subject area relevant to your current clinical specialty.
1.2 Literature Review
1.2.1 Search Strategy
A systematic review of the literature was undertaken and database were searched for primary studies for inclusion.
Electronic data bases
The following online data bases were used between 1995-2012
• CINAHL via EBSCO
• MEDLINE via Ovid SP
• Cochrane Library (Systematic reviews of research in health care) • Other search methods: Google Scholar web search engine was used to support searching in the previous data bases. Some relevant studies which have not been published can be retrieved from different sources such as academic theses, dissertation and professional reports. Non-English studies were considered if at least abstracts were translated into English.
Chapter 2. Methodological Issues in Research
Introduction to Research Methodology
According to Burns & Grove (2001) the total approach of a study, from recognizing a question or problem, to developing a plan for answering the question is known as research methodology. This includes selecting participants, data collection, data analysis and dissemination. This chapter will focus on the research design and method for the proposed study. Bowling (2004) suggests that the choice of the appropriate research method is essential in order to achieve the aims and objectives of a study. According to Burns & Grove (2011) the blueprint to conducting any study lies within the research design. The design selected should be most suitable for the study in order to achieve the aims and objectives of the proposed research question (Barbour 2009).
According to Moule and Goodman (2009) the purpose of the research design is to ensure that the evidence collected is able to answer the research question. The two main designs to approaching research questions are qualitative and quantitative approaches. According to Moule & Goodman (2009) the goal of quantitative research is to generate research data that can be analyzed using numerical or statistical techniques. It is mainly concentrate on the size, prevalence, and frequency and quantifiable aspects of a phenomenon (Polit & Beck 2010). Qualitative methods, on the other hand, explore an experience, culture or situation in depth, in order to identify themes, relationships, concepts and, in some cases develop theory (Gerrish & Lacey 2010). The aim and objectives of this study are based on an exploration of the subjective experiences and views of ICU nurses with regards to aggression in the patients. Therefore, a qualitative design is most appropriate as it explores how people think and their behavior as individuals and as a part of group, in order to gain better understanding (Parahoo, 2006).
Rational for choosing qualitative descriptive approach
There are four common approaches within qualitative research, phenomenology, grounded theory, ethnography and historiography. As the researcher is novice none of the above approaches were deemed suitable for this study thus a simple descriptive qualitative study was chosen. According to Sandelowski (2000) a qualitative descriptive approach should be the method chosen when a straight description phenomenon is used. Descriptive studies help discover new meaning, describe what currently exists, verify the rate of which something occurs, and categories the information. This means that the researcher does not move away from the original data (Sandelowski 2000). The researcher choose this approach as it has the potential to directly translate the nursing staff...