Job Satisfaction Among Employees of the Ministry of Education of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

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JOB SATISFACTION AMONG EMPLOYEES OF THE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION OF THE FEDERAL DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF ETHIOPIA

BY MULUGETA ESHETE DEGEFU

FEBRUARY 2012 ADDIS ABABA

JOB SATISFACTION AMONG EMPLOYEES OF THE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION OF THE FEDERAL DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF ETHIOPIA

BY MULUGETA ESHETE DEGEFU

A Thesis Submitted to the School of Graduate Studies of Addis Ababa University, College of Education and Behavioral Studies

In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Degree of Master of Arts in Management of Vocational Education

FEBRUARY 2012 ADDIS ABABA

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ADDIS ABABA UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF GRADUATE STUDIES College of Education and Behavioral Studies JOB SATISFACTION AMONG EMPLOYEES OF THE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION OF THE FEDERAL DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF ETHIOPIA

BY Mulugeta Eshete Degefu Management of Vocational Education APPROVED BY:
Dr. Woube Kassaye Advisor Dr. Engudie Examiner
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SIGNATURE
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Acknowledgements
There were many individuals who render their time, money, materials, professional knowledge and experiences for the successful completion of this study. First and foremost, I want to extend my heartfelt gratitude to my research advisor Dr. Woube Kassaye without his unreserved and continuous professional advice, it would have been impossible to successfully complete this Study. Special thanks should go to my dear wife Mulu Getachew who has made unspeakable sacrifices of her time and resources for the successful completion of the study. My thanks also need to be extended to Dr. Worku Mokonnen of the Addis Ababa University who gave me valuable professional advice in the selection of the topic as well as how to conduct the Study. Next, I would like to thank all those experts (Ethiopians and Expatriates) of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, Ministry of Education who had made professional contributions in terms of proofreading and making editions of the draft research manuscript as well as the questionnaires. My thanks should also be forwarded to all those employees of the Ministry of Education who were fully willing to fill out the self administered questionnaires. Last but not least, my deepest thanks should be extended to my work colleague Mr. Damena Assefa, my fellow classmate Ms. Tigist G/Tinsae and my friend Mr. Hundito Meskelo for their professional, financial and material supports during the conduct of the study.

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TABLE OF CONTENTS

Contents Acknowledgements Table of Contents List of Tables List of Figures Acronyms Abstract

Page 4 5 9 10 11 12

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION TO THE PROBLEM
1.1 Background of the Study 1.2 Statement of the Problem 1.3 Research Questions 1.4 Objectives of the Study 1.5 Significance of the Study 1.6 Theoretical Framework of the Study 1.7 Delimitations of the Study 1.8 Limitations of the Study 1.9 Operational Definitions of Terms 1.10 Organization of the Study

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13 16 17 17 18 19 20 20 21 21

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CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF THE RELATED LITERATURES
2.1 Concept of Job Satisfaction 2.2 Theories of Job Satisfaction 2.3 Antecedents of Job Satisfaction 2.3.1 Personal Determinants 2.3.2 Organizational Determinants 2.4 Measurements of Job Satisfaction 2.5 Consequences of Job Satisfaction 2.6 Relationship of Job Satisfaction with Life Satisfaction 2.7 Job Satisfaction of employees in the Ethiopian context

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24 25 29 30 31 32 33 34 34

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY
3.1 Population, Sampling method and Sample of the Study 3.2 Research Design 3.3 Sources of Data 3.4 Instrument of Data Collection 3.4.1 Validity of the Questionnaire 3.4.2 Reliability of the Questionnaire 3.5 Procedures of Data Collection 3.6 Plan of Data Analysis and Interpretation

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37 40 40 40 41 42 43 44

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CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS & DISCUSSION
4.1 Demographic Data of the Respondents 4.2 The major factors for job satisfaction and dissatisfaction of the respondents 4.4.1 Major...
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