Kap Survey Report

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UNITED STATES AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT-AGRIBUSINESS AND TRADE EXPANSION PROGRAM (USAID-ATEP) HIV/AIDS AWARENESS AND PREVENTION PROJECT

Component
Rapid Assessment on Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) of USAID-ATEP Lead Clients on HIV/AIDS Prevention

Final Report

October 2010

Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

Gardachew Tiruneh, Lead consultant

Yehiunie Lakew, Statistician

Arega Gera, Tenaw Bawoke, Zelalem Fisseha and Dessalegne Takele, Assistant Researchers

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS

The consultants would like to acknowledge the staffs of USAID-ATEP at the head office level, mainly for Health Sector Unit Staffs for the pivotal role they played all along the assessment process in terms of providing managerial and technical support and guidance whenever needed, facilitation to access the target population. The consulting team would also like to expresses special appreciation to USAID-ATEP Health Unit regional office staffs that have been closely supporting the study team by creating conducive environment as it progressed through the field data collection level of the assessment.

The consultants would also like to appreciate the collaboration of the key informants, focus group discussion participants, and individual respondents whose cooperation was vital in yielding the necessary information at individual and organizational levels without which it would have not been possible to have this report in its final version.

Consultants

Acronyms

AIDSAcquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
ART Anti-Retroviral Therapy
ATEP Agribusiness and Trade Expansion Program
BCC Behavior Change Communication
BSS Behavioral Surveillance Survey
CBO Community-Based Organization
EDHSEthiopia Demographic and Health Survey
FBO Faith-Based Organization
FGDFocus Group Discussion
GoE Government of Ethiopia
HAPCO HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Office
HBC Home-Based Care
HIV Human Immunodeficiency Virus
HCT HIV Counseling and Testing
IEC Informational Education Communication
IGAIncome Generating Activities
LNGO Local Non-Governmental Organization
NGO Non-Governmental Organization
OVC Orphans and Vulnerable Children
PEPFAR President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief
PLWHA People Living with HIV/AIDS
PMTCT Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission
PPSPopulation Proportion to Size
USAID United States Agency for International Development
VCT Voluntary Counseling and Testing

Table of Contents

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 2

Acronyms3

Table of Content4

List of Tables6

List of Figures7

CHAPTER I

INTRODUCTION 8

1.1 BACKGROUND ABOUT THE PROJECT 8

1.2OBJECTIVES OF THE ASSESSMENT 9

1.3 ASSESSEMNT METHODOLOGY 10

1.3.1SAMPLING OF WOREDAS, LEAD CLIENTS/SECTORS AND RESPONDENTS 10

1.3.1.1SAMPLING OF WOREDAS AND LEAD CLIENTS/SECTORS10

1.3.1.2SAMPLING OF INDIVIDUAL RESPONDENTS 11

1.3.2DATA COLLECTION METHODS AND TOOLS 13

1.3.2.1QUANTITATIVE ASSESSEMNT 13

1.3.2.2FOCUSED GROUP DISCUSSION (FGD)13

1.3.3.3KEY INFORMANT INTERVIEW14

1.3.3.4OBSERVATION14

1.3.3RECRUITMENT, TRAINING AND DATA COLLECTION PROCESS14

1.3.4DATA PROCESSING AND ANALYSIS16

13.5ORGANIZATION OF THE ASSESSMENT REPORT 16

CHAPTER II

RESULTS OF THE RAPID ASSESSMENT 17

2.1BACKGROUND CHARACTERISTICS OF INDIVIDUAL RESPONDENTS17

2.2HIV/AIDS RELATED KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES AND BEHAVIOR21

2.2.1AWARENESS ABOUT HIV/AIDS 21 2.2.2MAIN SOURCES OF INFORMATION ABOUT HIV/AIDS 21...
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