Dispositional and Contextual Factors Predicting School Safety Among Adolescent in Lagos State, Nigeria.

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DISPOSITIONAL AND CONTEXTUAL FACTORS PREDICTING SCHOOL SAFETY AMONG ADOLESCENT IN LAGOS STATE, NIGERIA.

BY

AWOTUNBO TUNDE DAMOLA
MATRIC NO: 162699

A THESIS SUBMITTED TO THE DEPARTMENT OF GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING FACULTY OF EDUCATION
UNIVERSITY OF IBADAN, NIGERIA

IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE AWARD OF MASTER DEGREE IN EDUCATION (M.ED) IN GUIDANCE AND COUNSELLING

JULY 2012

CERTIFICATION

This is to certify that the research work was carried out by AWOTUNBO, Tunde Damola with MATRIC NO 162699 in the Department of Guidance and Counseling, Faculty of Education, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.

______________________ _________________ DR AYO HAMMED DATE (Supervisor)

DEDICATION
This study is dedicated to the glory of God and to my Late Father Mr. J.O Awotunbo, may his soul rest in perfect peace. (Amen)

ABSTRACT
Since the inception of formal school environment the issue of school safety, has been a burdensome concern to the parent, guardian, teachers, counsellors, school authority/management, the students (adolescent), the government and other educational stakeholder. Nevertheless the prevalence of unsafe school environments has been most disturbing. Unsafe teaching and learning environment creates negative effects on teachers’ morale, students’ academic achievement and the running of the school. The failure of management policies may be as a result of less knowledge and synergy of salient factors into models that could enhance safe school environment. The primary concern of this research is to examine the effect of dispositional (self concept, self regulation and locus of control) and contextual (parental involvement and school management support) factors could influence school safety among adolescents. Dispositional factors are factors resident in the adolescent while the contextual factors are factors affecting the adolescent from the outside. The period of adolescence is most closely associated with the teenage years, although its physical, psychological and cultural expressions can begin earlier and end later. The study employed the descriptive survey design method. The population for this study comprised of adolescent in Lagos State. Sample for the study was 300 in school adolescents randomly selected among secondary schools in Lagos State. Six instruments were administered to the participants for data collection. These were Multidimensional Self Concept Scale (.90), Adolescent Self-Regulatory Inventory (0.87), Locus of Control (0.93) Parental Involvement Scale (0.75), School Management Scale (0.69) and School Safety Questionnaire (0.76) three questions were raised and answered. The Pearson Product Moment Correlation and multiple regressions were used for data analysis. The result indicated that there is a negative significant relationship between School safety and Self regulation; there exist a positive significant relationship between School safety and Locus of control, Parental involvement, and School management while none exist between School safety and School climate. Based on the findings it was recommended that adolescent should be encouraged to become more enlightened with school safety, parental involvement, locus of control and school management. It is expected that adolescent who can assert self in the school environment as well as maintain and regulate emotions will find it easier to achieve safety at school. Innovations should be enacted in the country, which will herald and address issues around the school safety of adolescents. Conferences, seminars, symposiums, workshops should be organized geared at investing and...
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