Innovation of Traffic in Vietnam

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  • Topic: Innovation, Ho Chi Minh City, Innovation system
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  • Published : March 12, 2013
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Esiee Paris|
Innovation Deliver
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Tuan Anh Dang, dangt@esiee.fr
11/21/2012
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Traffic Jam in Vietnam and its innovative solutions
Traffic jam in Hanoi has been a serious problem in Vietnam for the last decades especially in the intensive population areas like Ha Noi city and Ho Chi Minh City. People are moving from the nearby states and provinces to these cities in order to seek for a chance to get a better job, hence a better life which is worsening the situation. Many of the plans and solutions were proposed by many specialists but two most standing out were:

Figure 1.0: The traffic congestion in Ha Noi and HCMC.
1. Even/ odd plate number solution.
Using the last number of registration plate as a guideline, whichever vehicle has an even number as its last number will be allowed to travel on the even day (Monday, Wednesday, Friday). Vice versa, any means with odd last plate number will be allowed to enter the city site on the odd day (Tuesday, Thursday, and Saturday). On the last day of the week, everyone is free to travel. Everyone who owns the different number to the day will need to use the public transportation in order to travel in the day. 2. Changing working hour.

Another innovative idea was changing the state owned companies and school’s start and finish time so that they don’t collide during the rush hour. With the aim of terminating the rush hour, high school and students studying in state owned universities will start at 6.30 am in the morning and finish at 7 pm. Kindergarten will start 30 minutes earlier and 30 minutes later than employees who are working at the state’s company in order to make it easier for the parents. Both of the ideas were considered innovative and predicted to be able to greatly reduce the aching traffic congestion, which is torturing the citizens everyday of their life, there were a lot of controversies and criticism around the matter which one should be applied since they were the only two best immediate applicable solutions considering Vietnam’s state and the winner was changing working hour time solution. The second one was chosen as the even-odd solution has many holes and weakness, such as someone in emergency situation like a woman going in to labor on an odd day but their family only have the evened plate, how would they manage situations like that? It’s a very hard question to answer without another hundred pages of treaty and laws, therefore it cannot be considered as the finest and most innovative idea that is immediate since it requires another 2 or 3 years to apply but not even be able to promisingly reduce the jam. Also the public transportation of Vietnam is sufficient for the use of half of the citizens in the city. The only public transport available at the moment is the bus, but during the rush hour, the means are already stuffed by mainly students of the schools and universities of the two cities (Hanoi and HCMC have the most universities and schools throughout the country).

Figure 1.1: the public transportation of Vietnam is insufficient The supporters of the second solution also argued that looking at the main point of the problem, “On many roads in Ho Chi Minh City traffic jam is not caused by a big number of cars but by flooding due to works under construction and people's travel habits are not in abiding the law. Cannot blame automobile traffic due to regulations go on even, odd. And the citizen can always get a second vehicles any way,” Said delegate Nguyen Minh Huong. The argument seems to be strong and get into the real problems where even if they stop half of the traffic to go into the city but they won’t be able to stop people buying a second car to travel by turn. The second solution was also proved to be effective at the experimental city Hai Phong, where the situation is similar to the two main cities. Around 5 to 10% of the traffic was reduced during the rush hours and, rush-hour also lasted 1 hour less than the usual...
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