Impact of tourism on Kenya
Impact of Tourism in Kenya Tourism is the phenomenon arising from temporary visits (or stays away from home) outside the normal place of residence or usual environment for not more than one consecutive year for leisure, business, and other purposes. Tourism implies that a person takes a journey, which can be of a day or various days, and that can be within a national boundary, which be classified as a domestic tourist trip or a journey which crosses an international boundary which will be classified as an international tourism trip.
In the last 30 years tourism has developed to become one of the major world economic activities and world’s fastest growing sector, with an average growth of 7.1% in arrivals and 12.5% receipts. Is the second, only after oil, world’s leading export commodity, accounting for global earnings of more than $300 billion, nearly 25 % of total GNP (Gross National Product). Over the decade of the 1990s, Africa has experienced a rise in tourist arrivals from 8.4 million to 10.6 million and receipts growth from $2.3 billion to $3.7 billion, respectively. Kenya located on Africa’s coast occupies an area of 582, 644 square kilometers. Lying astride the Equator, the country is divided lengthwise by the great rift valley that runs from Jordan in the North to Mozambique in the south. Kenya is surrounded by 5 countries, that are, Tanzania, Uganda, Sudan, Ethiopia and Somalia. Kenya boasts such big rivers as the Tan and Athi, which drain into the Indian Ocean. Kenya owns a part of lake Victoria, one of the largest fresh water lakes in the world which is also the source of River Nile. Kenya is a LEDC (Less Developed Country), which is the name given to a country which according to the United Nations shows the lowest indicators of socioeconomic development, with the lowest Human Development Index ratings of all countries in the world. The country has to meet three criteria based on: low-income...
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