Institute of Applied Manpower Research
Course: Masters Degree Human Resource Planning & Development
1st January, 2013 to 1st February, 2014
First Semester Term Paper
Nature & Characteristics of Data on Labor Force in Mongolia
Roll no. 19
Table of Contents
II. Background on Mongolia:
IV. Nature and Characteristics of data on Labor force in Mongolia a. Composition
b. Foreign Labor Force
c. Labor Force Policy and Planning
d. Working Conditions and Income
e. Trade Unions
g. Labor force
h. Labor force participation rate:
i. Unemployment and employment ratio in Mongolia
j. Work Force:
k. Labor Migration
Human resources Information system exists in every country, but it differs from one country to another. HRIS particularly in developing countries are usually not reliable. This paper will be discussing some aspects of HRIS, especially in the field of Labor Force, in the developing countries and particularly in Mongolia. This paper will present a literature review on Labor Force and then will discuss composition of labor force, Labor force policy and Planning, Trade Union, data available on employment, unemployment, labor force participation rate, migration, etc. in Mongolia. But for better understanding of the data, it is necessary to give a background on Mongolia and its facts.
II. Background on Mongolia:
Mongolia is a large landlocked country in eastern and central Asia. It is bordered by Russia and China and its capital and largest city is Ulaanbaatar. Mongolia's population is just under 3 million (July, 2008 estimate) .Mongolia is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world with a population density of 5.25 people per square mile (2.02 people per square kilometer). Mongolia is known for its rugged terrain, semi-nomadic population (mainly in the countryside and about 30% of its population) and rich mineral resources.
As most countries in the Asian and Pacific region, contemporary Mongolia is undergoing mobility transitions. Mongolia is in the midst of its demographic transitions and has pursued model of economic growth that has been more focused on import-substitution. In other hand, Mongolia is in demographic transition, witnessing a moderate, but decreasing, population growth, a sustained decline in fertility and a steep increase in the number of young adults entering the labor market. Population growth reached a peak in the late 1960s and has started to decline since then, mainly because of a sharp decrease in fertility rates from 7.2 in 1975 to 2.8 in 1995. In 2000, total fertility rate was 2.2 births per woman, but it has dropped to the below-replacement level (2.1 births per woman) by 2004 (2.0 births per woman). Population growth reached to 1.2 percent in 2004.
This paper will present several aspects related to Labor Force, then the main objectives of this paper is analyze the data available on labor force as well as offer some recommendations which will help in developing the nature and characteristics of data on Labor Force in Mongolia.
IV. Nature and Characteristics of data on Labor force in Mongolia
In 1921 nomadic herders and monks dominated Mongolia's work force. Foreigners--Russians and Chinese--comprised the vast majority of the work force for all other occupations, namely agriculture, trade, handicrafts, and services. Mongolia faced the task of transforming the labor force into one capable of filling the variety of occupations required by a modern socialist economy. At first, the new government encountered numerous problems in building its work force, including illiteracy, the lack of qualified personnel, labor shortages,...
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