The overall aim of this report is to investigate how the physical geography (location, climate, biosphere and landscape) and human geography (cultural, transportation, economic, political and urban development) of Inner Mongolia affect its tourism industry. Our objectives are divided into three parts. First, we are going to see whether the local government is confident to develop its tourism or not. Second, we want to find the strengths and weaknesses of Inner Mongolia’s tourism development. Third, we want to know how the local government ameliorates its weaknesses or how it reverses the disadvantages to advantages. After our investigation, we found that the Inner Mongolia government is very confident to develop its tourism. It has some strengths like on the physical geography side, it has locational advantage and generous fauna and flora in biosphere; on the human geography side, it has its unique traditional culture, the well-developed transportation network, the thriving and robust economic development and modern urban development with cultural heritages. However, there are also some weaknesses, for instance, the unfavorable climatic conditions and plateau landscape on physical geography side; the political factor on human geography side. The local government has done a lot to ameliorate its weaknesses say it not only introduces grassland tourism but also cultural and heritage, leisure, and eco tourism to attract different type of tourists. To sum up, although there are physical as well as human hindrances affecting Inner Mongolia’s tourism development, the local government knows how to better utilize its own ups and improve its downs. Therefore we can foresee that there is a bright future of Inner Mongolia’s tourism development.
Inner Mongolia, which was established in 1947, is an autonomous region of China. It locates in the northern region of the country and shares an international border with Russian Federation and Mongolia. Its capital is Hohhot and the largest city is Baotau. The region has a population of about 24 million. The majority are Han Chinese with a substantial Mongol minority.
Since the Open Door Policy was launched in 1978, the tourism development in Inner Mongolia has progressively increased. In 2002, the total number of inbound and outbound tourists was first made a breakthrough to over 10 million. In 2009, total number of tourists reached over 40 million. It proves that how vigorous and flourishing the tourism development in Inner Mongolia these years. Apart from the traditional grassland tourism, the local government nowadays is endeavoring to develop cultural and heritage, leisure, and eco tourism. It hopes these four combined tourisms can bring more benefits for the local tourism development. The reason why we investigate this region because we want to break people’s misconception of Inner Mongolia is a laggard region without well tourism development. In the following, we want to tell the readers how vigorous the region is and will be. We hope people to know deeply about this region.
3. Main body/Findings
Inner Mongolia is a large autonomous region located at the North of China, across the Northeast, North and Northwest China. It is near the eight neighboring provinces including Heilongjiang, Jilin, Liaoning, Hebei, Shanxi, Shaanxi, Ningxia, and Gansu. Also it is proximate to Beijing and Tianjin. Most of its international border is with Mongolia while a small portion is with Russia. It has 18 border crossings, among them the largest land border crossing in mainland China is ManZhouLi Ports. Besides Erenhot is Mongolia's largest border crossing. As the above shows that Inner Mongolia is located at the border area of Mongolia, Russia and China, this locational advantage helps its tourism development. It on the one hand attracts foreign tourists like Mongolians and Russians; on the other...