. Explain the Sequence and Rate of Each Aspect of Development from Birth-19 Years.

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Children gain skills and abilities as they grow,the changes in their capabilities and personalaties develop with age. There are many factors which distinguish each child such as diet, stimulation, environment,medical conditions,and illness. But most children generally develop at a similar rate.There are four key area of developmet which are; physical, social and emotional,cognitive(intellectual), and language developmet. Younger children between birth and five generally develop at much more rapid rate in comparison to older children. Growth and development begins at the moment of conception and continues until much later in life. Below i have listed the sequences and rate at which children develop. 0-3 months Physical development:

Some movement skills are mastered
Able to hold a rattle but not with a steady hand
Beome easily startled with unfamilair sounds and actions
Respond to familiar faces and environments by smiling
involuntary movements till around 8 weeks
By 3 months the infant can follow their fist and is aware that its part of their body infants can smell,taste,touch and see from birth

0-3 months: social and emotional development:
enjoy being touched, cuddled, and smiled at
solely depends on others for example mother for needs to be met feels reaasurance when held close
recognises mothers voice and turns in response
able to make eye contact

0-3 months : intellectual development:
cycles through different states of alertness
enjoys playing when fully alert
cries for feeds and needs
nervous system develops further during 2nd and 3rd month therefore sleep patterns change to a regular patern

0-3 months : language development
Babies develop language in three stages, awareness, localization and differntiation. First they become aware by reacting to loud sounds, secondly they try to find out where the sound is coming from and finally they diffrentiate the sound. Respond to sounds either by smiling or displaying distress.

they try to open and close their mouths as if to speak
coo and gurgle
try to convey messages by either crying or by gurgling

3-6 months: physical development: rolls over
lifts head when placed on tummy
will begin to look at his hands and fingers
by 6 months he will be able o chew

3-6 months: social and emotional development;
begins to laugh out loud
enjoys being played wih
recognises familiar faces
engages in acivities in his environment
displays pleasure at familiar objecs

3-6 months: intellectual development;
shakes rattle or bats toys to produce cause and effect
is aware of sounds
brings objects to mouth

3-6 months: language development:
makes open vowel coo-ing sounds aah ooh followed shortly after with babbles by 6 months can make repetative sounds like gagaga dadada

6-12 months: physical development:
teeth may begin to appear
have the ability to maintain body temprature more than before, less affected by external sources, outside temperature etc arms and hands are more developed than feet and legs
legs may still appear bowed
feet still not arched and appear flat

6-12 months: social and emotional developmet;
points to toys and objects they want
points to body parts when asked
displas fear and shyness to unfamilliar faces

6-12 months; intellecual development;
imitiate gestures, clap wave etc
engage happilly in games like peek a boo
respond to sounds
have the ability to reach for toys and show them around
attention span increases to three minutes

6-12 months: language development:
proficient with vocal cords
is able to use two syllable words
may squeal in excitment when shown moving toys
will raise his voice to get attention

1-2 years: physical development:
confident on thier feet
pushes wheeled toys and walks
build towers
has the ability to take off articles of clothing eg socks
can walk downstairs...
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