Tda 2.1 Child and Young Person Development. 1.1 & 1.2

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TDA 2.1 Child and young person development.

1.1 & 1.2

AgePhysical developmentCommunication and intellectual developmentSocial, emotional and Behavioural development Birth to 3 monthsLooks at hands.
Plays with fingers.
Clasps hands.
Holds a rattle.
Lifts head and chest up.
Brings hands together over body.
Waves arms.
Can lift head and turn when on front.
Cries when basic needs require attention.
Vocalises when spoken to and when alone.
Watches primary carers face.
Coos and smiles.
Enjoys cuddles and being handled.

3 to 6 monthsReaches for a toys.
Moves a toy from one hand to another.
Put objects into mouth.
Waves arms to show that they wish to be lifted.
Rolls onto front.
Uses arms for support when lying on stomach.
Sits with support.
Is starting to
eat and sleep more
Gets first teeth.
Can take solid foods from around six months.
Babies try to communicate making eye contact and babbling.
They may imitate sounds or repeat them.
Watches adults closely.
Explore using their mouths.
Explore using touch.
Play alone with toys such as rattles.
Makes singsong vowel sounds e.g. ‘aah-aah’, ‘goo’.
Laughs and squeals during play.
Responds differently to different tones of voice.
Enjoys being played with.
Uses comfort object e.g. a blanket.
Seeks attention.

6 to 9 monthsGrasps using index finger and thumb.
Can sit up unsupported.
Deliberately drops objects.
Starts to be mobile e.g. rolling, crawling..
Reaches out for toys when sitting.
Watching and copying what adults do.
Repeating movements such as dropping toys.
Enjoy simple games such as peek-a-boo.
Explore toys and objects alone.
Shouts for attention.
Babbles loudly.
Uses double syllables such as ‘’Da-da’’.
Imitate adult vocal sounds such as coughing.
Understands ‘’no’’ and ‘’bye’’.
Responds when
he/she hears name.
Fear of strangers.
Enjoys games such as peek-a-boo.
Can discriminate between familiar people and strangers.
9 to 12 monthsUse pincer grasp (index finger and thumb) to pick up objects. Stands alone briefly.
Points using index finger.
Walks holding onto furniture.
Enjoys self-feeding and holds cup with help.
Starts showing hand preference.
Repeat actions that they have enjoyed.
Knows own name.
Understands around 20 words in concept.
Understands simple messages such as ‘’where are your shoes?’ Likes being read to.
Affectionate towards own family and primary carers.
May become unhappy at changes in routine.
Expresses anger at being told ‘’no’’.

12 to 18 monthsUses a spoon to eat.
Walks unaided.
Begins to build using bricks.
Squats to pick up objects.
Climbs onto objects.
Pushes and pulls toys when walking.
Tries to kick a ball, rolls and throws a ball.
May assist with dressing and undressing.
Holds crayons in a tripod grasp.
Can turn handles.
Learn through trial and error.
Beginning to play with adults.
Playing and ‘talking’ alone.
First words.
Echoes prominent and last words in sentences.
May try to join in with songs and nursery rhymes.
Responds to simple instructions such as ‘’shut the door’’. Enjoys picture books and will point to a named object.
Points to parts of the body.
Begin to communicate using words.
Language begins to increase.
Has a stronger feeling of being an individual.
Points to objects to show a familiar adult.
Shows some independence in exploring environment but still needs a familiar adult. Repeats actions to gain attention.
No understanding that objects may belong to others.
18 months to 2 yearsUses a spoon effectively to eat.
Climbs onto furniture.
Can use sit-and-ride toys.
Walks up and down stairs with both feet on one step.Imitate other children and adults. Carrying out repetitive actions e.g. putting things in and out of boxes. Watching other children but not joining in.

Enjoy playing with adults.
Uses two words...
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