WORKING THERAPEUTICALLY WITH CHILDREN
Summarise the main development of a child from the age range 0-2 years, 3-5 years and 5-8 years.
Most children will go through the same stages of development although they will do so at varying rates depending on numerous factors. When a baby is first born they will lie on their backs for the first 3 months. He will be able to focus on objects close to the face and respond to voices or other sounds by crying or gurgling. At around 6 weeks the baby will first start to smile and will enjoy routines such as feeding or cuddling, particularly with the main carer. At the end of this stage the baby is able to start lifting his head and will be able to kick his legs vigorously. By this time the baby will be recognizing the face of his main carer and will be responsive to bright lights and loud noises. He will enjoy bright, shiny objects ad will attempt to reach out and grasp these. By the time the baby is 6 months he will be able to control his head well and can grasp objects and attempt to put them in his mouth. much more stimulation is needed by this stage and he will enjoy simple games and activities. Emotionally a baby can become quite dependent on his main carer at this stage and may become distresed if introduced to a stranger. Babies usually become mobile at around the age of 9-12 months. He will be able to sit unaided for lengthy periods of time and be able to crawl and pull himself into a standing position using furniture. He will enjoy copying sounds and actions from those around him, such as laughing, clapping and waving and should be able to entertain himself for a period of time. By the childs’ first birthday there is every chance that he will be able to walk, possibly unaided, and will be attempting to climb stairs although support would be necessary. Language will begin to develop around now and the child will have begun to use basic words such as mama or imitate animal noises. When the child...
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