D2: Evaluate the Influence of Two Major Theories of Ageing on Health and Social Care Provision.

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Activity theory
The activity theory was written in 1996 by Bromley who argued that older people need to stay mentally and socially active in order to reduce the risks of disengagement. Bromley said: There are not enough facilities provided for elderly people. They need to be more educated to make use of themselves and encourage their apathetic attitudes and permanent habits. Most care homes provide many provisions to residents staying there to help promote activity theory. For example The home care is a way of providing care and support to older and vulnerable people in order to help them live independently in their own homes for as long as possible. This support can help deal with personal care for example washing and dressing, helping to prepare meals, prompting medication, shopping and also helping with domestic chores. If the elderly person is living on their own they can seek help from professionals in the health and social sector about any problems that they are facing at home. these professionals are fully trained to provide the best health care service for the old and vulnerable ad try to create a positive atmosphere in order to make them feel at home and comfortable with each other. They include games such as bingo, day outings, memory games etc. All of these active provisions will benefit the residents as they keep them engaged and stimulated as they may not use their mental ability in their day to day life. The outcome can give elderly individuals a sense of accomplishment whilst taking part in these tasks.

Disengagement theory
The Disengagement theory says that growing old isn’t a nice, happy experience and we can end up alone. The theory was written by two authors in 1961 called Cumming and Henry who came up with the disengagement theory stating that old people tend to withdraw from any sort of social involvement with others as they get older , older people limit great opportunities to interact with others . Cumming and Henry also said...
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