Unit 4 Task 3

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Effects of ageing
In this piece I will be looking at Katie in her later stages of life as she became an older adult. Seeing what mental and physical changes occurred and how it affected her socially and emotionally. As well as seeing the different help she began to need due to physical aging. The Disengagement theory:

The Disengagement theory was by Cummings and Henry in 1961 stating that ‘older adults withdraw from participation in activity.’ As well as not participating in activities older people begin to disengage them self in family life and become less involved at events, proffering to watch rather than join in. Cummings felt that this disengagement was beneficial to both family and the individual as it allowed change and acceptance. The Disengagement theory also has the idea that the older person becomes more preoccupied with themselves and are more interested in what they are doing for example going to the doctors than what their friends and family are doing. The causes of disengagement include the advances in technology, older people become disinterested and unable to keep up with the changes and are not willing to change what they already do. Travel also becomes a problem for older people as they worry about going long distances and without a car they have to rely on others and public transport. Ill health of themselves and others in another cause of disengagement as they are either in pain, tired or unwell so do not want to go out to do activities, this is the same as if a friend has these problems they do not want to go to activities alone. The Activity theory:

Unlike the Disengagement theory the Activity theory by Havinghurst and colleagues in 1963 is the idea that the more active an older person is the greater their life satisfaction. Within the Activity theory there is the idea of role changes, for example you once worked but now retired you have filled the time with volunteering, family and socialising. The activities the older people decide to do are made meaningful as they are generally backed by a prior experience or value. These activities are unselfish although they do boost self esteem. This theory is based on motivation and can not be applied to everyone because external factors such as ill health will stop people being active and make them less motivated. Other effects that may stop people from engaging in activity are finances, culture and can be argued that people already need to be fit to join in with activities prior to aging. The NHS puts money towards making older people more active because in the long run it is thought they will require less healthcare because people are more likely to be physically fit. Impact on Katie Piper in her older adult stage of life:

The impact of the Disengagement theory on Katie’s would suggest that as Katie got older and retired from the head of her charity she would withdraw from society and become disinterested in what her family were doing as well as rarely going out or joining in with activities such as church, volunteering and sports. The opposite to this would be the effects of the activity theory on Katie’s life. The Activity theory would go along with the idea that after retirement Katie would join clubs such as tennis, bowls and help at her local events as well as having a large group of friends and becoming increasingly involved in family life enjoying her children and grandchildren. With Katie’s personality throughout her earlier life it suggests that she is more likely to fit in to the activity theory rather than the disengagement theory as she has over come problems and has made a better positive life for herself which she could continue on into older adulthood. However their could be variables within her activity which may cause her to disengage from society. At the age of 69 Katie had to stop playing tennis due to pain from surgery but instead of spending increasing amounts of time at home she changed activity and started attending her local...
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