Curriculum in Education

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The term ‘Curriculum’ is often incorrectly interpreted as just the intentional education agenda of a school. Curriculum comprises the totality of knowledge that is communicated to students during their experience at school. Knowledge and ideas which formulate the curriculum is delivered in schools through the implicit, hidden and null curriculum, (Churchill et al. 2011: 174-175). This essay will discuss how educators can provide an engaging curriculum that is equally advantageous to all students, and addresses significant areas of knowledge through socially relevant conduct. Curriculum is formulated so that a variety of chosen key subjects are taught and some, purposefully rejected. The content of curriculum is carefully selected and organised, based on certain ideological values and understandings of today’s society. This creates limitations for academic potential, causing students to be at a disadvantage of achieving, (Apple, 2004: 4). With a variety of diverse learners and cultures in schools, it is evident that the curriculum does not engage all students in learning, given its current educational settings. An example of this disadvantage to students involves the abandonment of expressive, creative and social skills of various cultures, (Ross, 2000: 8). Students cannot be expected to engage in the set curriculum then evaluated against the set criteria to measure their “success”, (Apple, 2004: 6). Educators must explore methods to engage disadvantaged students in the curriculum. According to Joseph (2000: 7), teachers should recognise and emphasise the students’ creative aspects reflecting their culture and encourage them to express their understanding through dance, art or music. Therefore, if educators acknowledge values and qualities of various students’ cultures, the curriculum will become socially relevant and create advantages to disadvantaged students. For curriculum to be understood, educators must explore social relevant techniques to teach....
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