Classification in Tourism Industry

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  • Topic: Tourism, Types of tourism, Poverty tourism
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  • Published : October 26, 2011
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Classification of tourism:
Winter tourism:

Definition : holidays in ski resorts and snow – related activities

Famous winter holiday spots in India:
- Shimla : a wonderful winter holiday resort
- Manali
- Jammu and Kashmir (Gulmarg , Pahalgam)
- Sikkim
- Tawang (Arunachal Pradesh)

-Major ski resorts are located mostly in the various European countries (e.g. Andorra, Austria, Bulgaria, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Iceland, Italy, Norway, Poland, Serbia, Sweden, Slovenia, Spain, Switzerland), Canada, the United States (e.g. Colorado, California, Utah, Montana, Wyoming, New York, New Jersey, Michigan, Montana, Vermont) New Zealand, Japan, South Korea, Chile, Argentina, Kenya and Tanzania.

Mass tourism:

These places are commonly referred to as destinations with a massive influx of tourists.

Mass tourism undoubtedly developed with the improvements in technology that allowed transporting of large numbers of people in a short space of time to places of leisure interest, so that greater numbers of people could begin to enjoy the benefits of leisure time. With mass tourism development there is a small increase in local jobs and revenue. Mass tourism increases demand for local services such as water, sewer, fuel, power, roads and medical services.

Example of this could be the visit to Galapagos Islands.


Ecotourism is: "Responsible travel to natural areas that conserves the environment and improves the well-being of local people." Ecotourism is responsible travel to fragile, pristine, and usually protected areas that strive to be low impact and (often) small scale (as an alternative to mass tourism). One of the goals of ecotourism is to offer tourists insight into the impact of human beings on the environment, and to foster a greater appreciation of our natural habitats. It involves evaluating environmental and cultural factors, also the promotion of recycling, energy efficiency, water conservation, and creation of economic opportunities for local communities.

Examples of Eco-tourism destinations:

-Gnus and zebras in the Masai Mara park reserve in Kenya.
-On safari: elephant meeting rhino in Chitwan National Park, Nepal -The few places like the Himalayan Region, Kerala, the northeast India, Andaman & Nicobar Islands and the Lakshadweep islands are some of the places where you can enjoy the treasured wealth of the Mother Nature.

Leisure travel/tourism
It was started at UK with industrial revolution. Europeans were the first to promote leisure time the increasing industrial population. Many leisure-oriented tourists travel to the tropics, both in the summer and winter. Places of such nature often visited are: Bali in Indonesia, Brazil, Cuba, the Dominican Republic, Malaysia, Mexico the various Polynesian tropical islands, Queensland in Australia, Thailand, Saint-Tropez and Cannes in France, Florida, Hawaii and Puerto Rico in the United States, Barbados, Sint Maarten, Saint Kitts and Nevis, The Bahamas, Anguilla, Antigua, Aruba, Turks and Caicos Islands and Bermuda.

Adjectival tourism
Adjectival tourism consists of numerous niche or specialty travel forms of tourism that have emerged over the years, each with its own adjective. Many of these have come into common use by the tourism industry and academics. Medical tourism, nautical tourism, Pop-culture tourism, Religious tourism, Slum tourism, Space tourism are some of examples of Adjectival tourism.

Sustainable tourism
Sustainable tourism is tourism development that avoids damage to the environment, economy and cultures of the locations where it takes place. The aim of sustainable tourism is to ensure that development is a positive experience for local people; tourism companies; and tourists themselves. Example: Tourism in Thailand, Thailand amounts to more than just beaches and sandy seaside resorts. It boasts lush jungles and forests in which distinctive hill tribes still live. Pro-poor...
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