Child Care and Education Unit 1

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Unit 1 assignment- an introduction to children

E1+E2- There are many types of Early Year’s settings, and one of them is called a statutory setting. A statutory setting is a setting that is funded by the government and is usually law. An example of a statutory setting would be a primary school. Primary schools follow the national curriculum and the children learn key stage one and two. It is the law to go to this type of setting from the age of five. According to Minett P. (2010) page 240(E8) says Education in Britain is compulsory from the age of 5 years. Children are legally required to attend school full-time from the beginning of the term after their fifth birthday or to receive suitable education elsewhere, for example to be educated at home. Some schools take them earlier, either full time or part time. This supports my description of a statutory setting. The setting does not only support the child with their education, but how they develop. The setting will observe the child and compare to milestones. It will also provide care and nurture for the children in whatever the need. Parents are also a very important factor for the settings and they will try to support the parents as much 1as possible. They may do this by talking to the parents about the child through verbal communication or reports. This will help the parents trust the setting and feel more comfortable about the child going here for any period of time. Another Early Year’s setting would be called a private setting. There are many different types of private settings including; private nurseries, nursery schools and day nurseries. For these settings to be legal, they have to be inspected, registered and use the current Early Year’s Foundation Stage (EYFS) statutory framework. However, these differ from statutory settings because parents have to pay to send their child here, but may be able to get financial support through government schemes. This setting is very similar to statutory as they provide similar services. They will educate the children to a certain degree and provide them with what they need to grow into a well-developed child. Within the setting they may provide food, play areas and various activities for the child. To help the parents they will also communicate with them is much as possible and do the best that they can to fit what the parent believes the child needs. The last type of setting is voluntary setting. These settings are mostly charities that rely on donations from the public. They get very little money from the government unless they provide statutory services, if they provide this they may get funding from local authority or the government. The services provided by this setting vary as they do not have to follow a curriculum. Some of these services may help the child with their health and welfare, educational needs and any comfort they may need. Some of these charities will provide the parents with a break from an ill child, or give them the reassurance that their child is in the right place. E3- Every child in our country and the world has rights. This is because of the United Nation Conventions on the Rights of Children 1989. Almost every country in the world has signed to this. This legislation consisted of six main points which, according to Meggit Carolyn etal (2012) page 5(E8), were; survive, develop to their full potential, be protected from harmful influences, abuse and exploitation, participate fully in family, cultural and social life, express and have their views taken into account on all matters that affect them and play, rest and enjoy leisure. This applies to all children under the age of eighteen. However, in the same year the UK decided to follow its own legislation, ‘The Children’s Act 1989’. This act was introduced to our country in 1991 and was aimed for the welfare of children. The act said that parents were responsible for their children; the aim was to stop children from suffering from harm and that...
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