There may occur a time when a child tells you they have been abused or are being abused, this is known as a disclosure. If this occurs it is important that you are aware of the settings policy. All information a child discloses to you must be kept confidential unless the person you are telling needs to be informed of this for example, supervisor, social worker or the police. “Disclosure or concern for a child is the only occasion where there may need to divulge information” According to Squire’s (2007 page 191).
There are two ways a child may disclose to you;
1) Direct disclosure this is where a child has told you or any other directly they have been abused. Squire. G (2007 Page 192) states that “when a child talks to an adult or older child and explains that they have been abused in some way“ 2) Indirect disclosure this is when a child does not tell you that he/she is being abused. Squire. G (2007 Page 192) states that “Indirect disclosure is when the child identifies the abuse through play” because the child may have drawn violent picture, have acted out sexual acts or there may even be physical indicators such as regular bruising.
Children may not disclose to anyone as they are frightened of what might happen and may even be threatened by the abuser Squire. G (2007Page 192) states that “The abusing adult may threaten the child physically or emotionally to keep the secret” .Some children do not know what is happening to the is wrong, they may think it is normal to be treated like that or they may be young to communicate or may have disabilities which unable them from communicating with others. Some children feel that adults won’t believe them. Squire’s (2007 Page192) states that “they will isolate traumatic feelings so that they can enjoy their time in the setting” , children try and enjoy their time in their setting and by doing this it is hard to identify that they are being abused,
When a child discloses to you they are most vulnerable, they will have low self esteem and will be very emotionally upset. Children disclose because they have had enough and you must remain in a professional manner, be calm and listen to what the child is telling you carefully. When a child tells you that they have been abused you must not show shock or horror, you may also need support and counseling. You must not tell anyone about this case and you must use the correct body language when the child is speaking to you. Also you must not put words in a child’s mouth for example “did this happen” and don’t make promises you cant keep for example if the child says to you are you going to tell anyone, you have to tell them that you may have to tell someone about this and what may happen next. When a child discloses to you, you must ensure the child that everything will be okay and that they have done the right thing telling you and that it is not their fault this has happened and that the abuser will not be able to do things they have said to them. Empower the child, making them feel valued and feel good about themselves for telling you, and tell them that they are brave and have did the right thing in speaking to someone about it. “Above all you must ensure the child that you believe them and demonstrate unconditional acceptance of everything they say” According to Squire’s (page 2007 Page 191) Results of a child disclosure may lead to services being put into place to support the family for example social services, NSPCC or social worker; this enables the child to stay at home. The abuser may be asked to leave their family home if they are living at the same place as a child this is called a restraining order. The child could be moved in to a safe setting for example a foster home. Social services try to provide consistency of care for example trying to help the child stay in the family home in care of another family member, aunty, uncle etc.
The professionals that may be involved with this abuse case are; 1)...