Schools as Organisations
1.1: Identify the main types of state and independent schools.
1.2: Describe the characteristics of the different types of schools in relation to educational stage(s) and school governance.
• Primary schools – funded by the Government and cover key stages 1 & 2.
• Secondary schools – funded by the Government and cover key stages 3 & 4.
• Academies – State maintained but independently run and cover key stages 3 & 4.
• Nurseries – funded by the Government and cover the EYFS stage.
• Colleges – for 16- 18 year olds offering vocational training and A levels.
• Grammar Schools – funded by the Government and cover key stages 3 & 4 but pupils are selected by Academic ability.
• Free schools – funded by the Government but run and governed by teachers and parents, they cover key stages 1, 2, 3 & 4
• Faith schools – funded by the Government and have an allegiance to a particular faith. Covers key stages 1, 2, 3 & 4.
• Foundation schools – are run and funded by their own governing body, which employs the staff and sets the admission criteria. Cover key stages 1, 2, 3 & 4.
• Private schools - These schools set their own curriculum and admissions policies. They are funded by fees paid by parents and income from investments. Just over half have charitable status. They are monitored by the Department of education. They over Key stages 1-4.
• Private Nurseries – are funded by fees paid by parents and cover the EYFS stage.
• Special Needs schools – funded by the Government and cater for children who have special educational needs, cover key stage 1, 2, 3 & 4.
2.1: Describe the roles and responsibilities of:
• School Governors – They are responsible for making all the decisions about the school. Boringdon has 15 members who meet termly to monitor the smooth running of the school, to decide matters of policy and to make sure government and local education authority requirements are met. There are 5 parents, 3 members of staff, 3 members of the community, 3 members of local authority and 1 clerk.
• Head teacher – is responsible for all aspects of the school, always maintaining the safety, the care and welfare of the pupils. He is also responsible for ensuring the curriculum is being effectively taught. He also has to liaise with all outside agencies, the local education authority, Ofsted, the governing body and parents.
• Deputy Head teacher – Their role is to support and work with the head teacher. They will be responsible for the everyday running of the school when the head teacher is out and also to cover absence or arrange courses and supply cover.
• Year group, key stage or subject managers – Manage all of the year’s teachers, deal with any problems with pupils, liaise with parents, organise timetables, staff meetings, plan activities and organise school trips.
• Special Educational Needs Coordinator - The SENCO is responsible for all children in the school with special educational needs. They will liaise with all of the outside agencies and parents. They also need to ensure all teachers keep up to date records and individual education plans for the children.
• Class teacher – is responsible for planning and preparing the national curriculum and effectively delivering it to the pupils according to their educational needs. The teacher also needs to assess, record and report on the development and progress of all the children and when needed discuss problems with SENCO. They are responsible for all of the children in their class but also for the teaching assistants, students and volunteers. They also have to plan and conduct parent’s evenings. They need to work well with their colleagues and attend all training days and staff meetings and liaise with outside agencies.
• Teaching Assistants – There role is to help and support the teacher in all...