Child Care Level 3-Unit 2

Topics: Observation, Lev Vygotsky, Developmental psychology Pages: 14 (5163 words) Published: September 2, 2012
Unit 2- Development from conception to age 16 years


Language development is when children are able to communicate with others in many ways. It allows the person using the language to be creative and expressive. Babies communicate by using sounds and words. Then as they grow older children start to use things like theirs hands, facial expression, pictures to communicate. Language allows us to socialise, express our needs and feelings. Intellectual development is a large area of development that can also be known as cognitive development. It encompasses the way in which we think and learn. It includes understanding of abstract concepts such as time as well as the ability to remember things. Furthermore intellectual development is responsible for being able to reason with things and other people, it is also responsible for controlling behaviour. Intellectual development also allows us to remember things using our long and short term memory.

Language development: At the age of 0 babies start to make cooing sounds to show pleasure. As months go by babies practise their sounds like calling out things like ‘mama’ and ‘dada’. When babies get to the age of 1 it is called the linguistic stage. The baby’s first words are usually unclear and they gradually emerge. They still continue to be making some cooing and babbling sounds. At the age of 2 children can put two words together to make a small sentence. This stage is called the telegraphic stage. Children can start to communicate with others in a simple way. At the age of 3 children can use language in a more complete way. For example they can say ‘I want milk’. The following website: (date assessed 03/10/11) believes that parents are the very first teachers in a baby’s life. “Parents who actively engage their babies and children in conversation can have a great impact on the child's ability to communicate verbally”.

Intellectual development: At the age of 0 babies look for an object that has been removed for example their dummy or their comfort toy. Babies can also find an object that has been seen and then hidden from them. They can put things into a container for example an object. At the age of 1 babies can take objects out of the container one by one. They can also point out parts of their body for example their feet or their fingers. At the age of 2 children can successfully complete a three piece puzzle. They can also point to parts of the body and they are able to stack beakers in order. At the age of 3 children are able to complete a simple three or four piece puzzle. They can start to copy what other babies do for example at my placement I have seen one child drawing on a piece of paper and other children went over and joined in with him. Children use their intellectual development every single day.


Language development: At the age 3 children are more able to express themselves fairly well. They use questions and have a large vocabulary. They also enjoy songs and rhymes and sometimes sing to themselves. At the age of 4 children are able to use language well but there might be some mispronunciation. When children get to the age of 5-6 they start to establish in school. As part of being at school they are learning to read and write, children will also be exposed to new concepts, for example learning about numbers. At the age of 7 children are able to fully express themselves and use language more...
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