Child Care

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1.1, 1.2, 2.1) Research the current legislation and guidelines for safeguarding the welfare of children and young people. Also include E safety. Summarise the main point and include a statement of the legislation below and include how you adhere to it? The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child 1989 - which includes rights that ensure children are safe and looked after, children are protected from all forms of physical or mental violence, injury or abuse, neglect, negligent treatment, maltreatment or exploitation including sexual abuse by those looking after them. Children Act 1989 - Parents and professionals must work to ensure the safety of the child. Local Authority has ‘a duty to investigate when there is a reasonable cause to suspect that a child suspect that a child is suffering or likely to suffer significant harm. The Education Act 2002 (s175 and s157) - This sets out the responsibilities of Local Education Authorities (LEAs), Governing bodies, head teachers and all those working in schools to ensure that children are safe and free from harm. Children Act 2004 - This provides the legal framework for Every Child Matters. It includes the requirement for: Services to work more closely, forming an integrated service. Every Child Matters.

Safeguarding vulnerable groups Act 2006.
Working Together to Safeguard Children 2010 – applies to those working in education, health and social care, as well as the police and the probation service. It covers areas such as child protection, the processes to follow when there are concerns about a child, the action to be taken to promote welfare of children and training requirements for effective child protection. E-Safety is a safeguarding issue as part of the wider duty of care for all who work with children. With the ‘technical’ revolution that is sweeping the globe, children are becoming more and more exposed to chat rooms, social networking, the internet and mobile phones- all which pose a threat to the welfare of children. A setting that is looking after children and young people has a responsibility to protect them by monitoring their use of the internet, e.g. what web sites they are going on who they are emailing. Also, the setting will have a filtering system in place to prevent children accessing inappropriate material. Children should only be given access to educational chat rooms or social networking sites and discussions should be moderated to ensure they are kept on-topic and there is no inappropriate language/behaviour. It is very important when it comes to chat rooms and social networking sites that children and young people are repeatedly told of the the danger of giving personal details to people they have met on the internet. Also, to never meet someone you have met over the internet, because in many cases it can end very badly with people pretending they are your ‘friend’ (also known as grooming). They also need to know if someone over the internet, even if they know them, are sending unpleasant/rude messages not to reply and to tell an adult, e.g. to their key worker, a teacher or their parent or carer immediately. In terms of mobile phones, where high-speed internet access is increasingly common on SMART-phones (that children own ever more so), going on chat rooms, receiving and sending messages to other people and accessing inappropriate material is very hard to stop. However, we can help children and young people understand the importance of e-safety by giving them advice such as: Think about who to give your mobile number to, tell a responsible adult if you start to receive abusive/annoying calls/messages, be careful what you download to avoid viruses, if you are taking photos and/or uploading them onto the internet (e.g. Facebook) then check with the person first and check your privacy settings on social networking sites so that your profile cannot be seen by anybody and you have to accept ‘tags’ before they are seen by others, so you can control...
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