Cases such as Victoria Climbie led to the Lord Lamings enquiry. The enquiry was aimed at "Marking the end of child protection policy built on a hopeless process of child care tragedy, scandal, inquiry, findings, brief media interest and ad hoc political response. There is now a rare chance to take stock and rebuild."
It became grossly apparent that things had to change and recommendations were made "as to how such an event, as far as possible, be avoided in the future."
The report contained 108 recommendations for changes to the way social care, healthcare and police child protection services are organised at national and local level, in order to establish a clear line of accountability in the provision of services for vulnerable children and the support of families.
The Lord Laming enquiry has fundamentally affected the way in which we safeguard children in the UK.
The United Nations Convention on the rights of the Child 1989 outlines the current legislation regarding children's rights to protection from abuse, the rights to express their views and be listened to and the right to care for disabled children and children living away from home. Although British government has said it is bound by this legislation it is not part of British Law. There is no legislation that covers safeguarding children and young people in the UK; different laws and guidelines cover different parts of the UK.
Working Together to Safeguard Children 2010, applies to those working in education, health and social services in the statutory, independent and voluntary sectors. This documents covers; • A summary of the impact of neglect and abuse on a child. • Best practice in child protection procedures.
• The roles and responsibilities of different agencies and practitioners. • The role of Local Safeguarding Children Boards (LSCB's)
• The processes to be followed when there are concerns about a child.
Framework for the Assessment of Children in Need and their Families, 2000 and What to do if you are worried a child is being abused, 2003 both provide a framework for professionals to identify children and young people in need. and explains the processes and systems.
The Protection of Children Act, 1999 requires childcare organisations not to offer employment paid or unpaid, to any person listed as unsuitable too work with children on the Department of Health List. The Criminal Records Bureau acts as a central access point for CRB checks for those working with children.
Keeping children safe is everybody's responsibility, within the Every Child Matters framework it is stated that any one that works with children and families have a duty to safeguard and promote the welfare of the child. All the legislation and guidelines make it clear that the children's interests must come first. The protection of the child is the priority.
As well as having a safeguarding policy of our own at Ready Steady Go, we also have a member of staff that is the safeguarding lead. We have regular training and are issued with the policies and procedures that apply. The London Borough of Camden has the Camden Safeguarding Children Board my settings' LSCB. It is made up from representatives from statutory, voluntary and community organisations whose aim it is to improve the overall wellbeing of children in the area.
Safeguarding and promoting the welfare of children is defined as protecting children from maltreatment, preventing impairment of children’s health or development, ensuring children are growing up in circumstances consistent with the provision of safe and effective care.
Child protection is a part of safeguarding and promoting welfare. It refers to the activity that is undertaken to protect specific children who are in need.
Effective child protection is essential as part of a wider working concept to safeguard and promote the welfare...