1. Explain the legal responsibilities of the school relating to the duty of care and the welfare of the child. All adults working with children or young people have a legal responsibility to protect them; these responsibilities are outlined in child protection laws. As outlined in the children’s act 1989 the welfare of the child is paramount, this act gives guidelines for schools, local authorities and courts which they must adhere to in order to protect children. Within a school, there should be a designated senior member of staff with specific responsibilities for child protection, they will also be aware of which children are on the child protection register and any other agencies involved with the child. The designated person should know the boundaries of confidentiality and full training in relation to child protection enabling them to give advice and guide other colleagues when needed who are unfamiliar with the child protection process. Guidelines recommend each designated person should not be responsible for more than 250 pupils. However, due to staffing restrictions larger setting may have more than one designated officer but this can cause additional issues for example accountability and understanding of roles. Teachers and supporting staff within a school have a duty of care to their students by observing pupils. When caring for children attention should be noted of any changesstaff theory suggests early identification of abuse is paramount to protect children and young people. If a member of staff has any concerns that a child is at harm this must be reported to designated member of staff. Considering this, all members of staff need to ensure they are trained and familiar with policies such as safeguarding children and ensure as part of their role they remain up to date with key changes within legislation. Policies should be available to parents as well this allows parents to understand the schools role in safeguarding children. An open door policy should be operated for staff to voice concerns and expertise should be shared. All concerns should be documented, for the reason in isolation one incident may not seem important but considered with several incidents a clearer picture can be established. All allegations need to be taken seriously, no promises should be made to the pupil and staff should ensure the pupil is aware that any allegations will have to recorded and dealt with. Any disclosures should be recorded immediately including times, dates, any names given, nature of abuse and any injuries that have been observed. These details should be passed to the designated officer whom should past on to social services. According to the children’s act 2004 each child should be given the opportunity to achieve the five outcomes described in the ‘Every child matters green paper’ * Be healthy
* Stay safe
* Enjoy and achieve
* Make a positive contribution
* Achieve economic well-being
To provide children with the best opportunities in childhood support needs to be given at school and home and ensure everyone is working towards the best outcome for the child. The Every Child Matters Agenda is the legacy of the tragic death of Victoria Climbie. A report written by Lord Laming identified serious failings in the sharing of information and the missed opportunities that were highlighted after her death. Therefore, practitioners and professionals need to have safeguarding children at the forefront of their mind when working with children and ensure they understand safeguarding is everyone’s responsibility and role.
2. Discuss 5 important school and statutory frameworks that directly impact on the teaching assistants work with pupils The first framework that directly affects the teaching assistant is the equal opportunities framework. The teaching assistant needs to ensure each child is given equal opportunities to access learning. Many teachers’ assistants support...