Safeguarding and working to protect children has come about in the past 50 years after weakness in the system were highlighted through high profile cases such as Victoria Climbie in 2000. The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989) This is a treaty that sets out the rights and freedoms of all children in a set of 54 articles. This includes the right that all children should be safe and looked after. One of the articles, article 19, states children’s rights to be protected from all forms of physical and mental abuse, injury, emotional harm, sexual abuse and neglect by those who are looking after them. The UK signed up to this treaty in 1991 and all countries that are signed up are legally bound to bring in legislation to support these articles in the treaty.
Children Act 1989
This act identifies the responsibilities of the parents and professionals who work to ensure the safety of a child. It includes two sections that focus mainly on child protection -Section 47 states that local authorities have a duty to investigate any reasonable claims that a child is suffering or likely to suffer significant harm -section 17 states at services must be put in place to safeguard and put in place the welfare of children who are in need.
The Education Act 2002
This shows the responsibilities of the local education authority, head teachers and all people working in schools to ensure that children are safe and free from harm. Children Act 2004
This provides the legal framework for Every Child Matters (ECM). ECM was introduced in 2003 and states five key outcomes. BE HEALTHY – Physically, mental and following a healthy lifestyle STAY SAFE – Protected from harm and neglect
ENJOY AND ACHIEVE – Getting the most out of life
MAKE A POSITIVE CONTRIBUTION – Not getting involved in anti-social behaviour ACHIEVE...