Biscuits Industry

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~ BISCUITS ~

A biscuit is a baked, commonly flour based food product. A small, typically round cake of bread leavened with baking powder, baking soda, or sometimes yeast. In some countries the word biscuit historically refers to a hard cookie or cracker. A biscuit is "any of various hard or crisp dry baked product" similar to the American English terms cracker or cookie, or "a small quick bread made from dough that has been rolled out and cut or dropped from a spoon." Today, according to the American English dictionary Merriam-Webster, a cookie is a "small flat or slightly raised cake". In the United States biscuits are generally small soft, yeast-based products served with breakfast or dinner. They perform a variety of functions including fill (hungry bellies), topping and sopping (eg. biscuits & gravy). Cathead biscuits and beaten biscuits are two popular American regional favorites. The Middle French word bescuit is derived from the Latin words bis (twice) and coquere, coctus (to cook, cooked), and, hence, means "twice-cooked". This is because biscuits were originally cooked in a two fold process: first baked, and then dried out in a slow oven. This term was then adapted into English in the 14th century during the Middle Ages, in the Middle English word bisquite, to represent a hard, twice-baked product.

M.S.RAMAIAH COLLEGE OF ARTS, SCIENCE & COMMERCE 1
~BISCUITS INDUSTRY IN INDIA~

Indian Biscuits Industry is the largest among all the food industries and has a turn over of around Rs.3000 crores. India is known to be the second largest manufacturer of biscuits, the first being USA. It is classified under two sectors: organized and unorganized. Bread and biscuits are the major part of the bakery industry and covers around 80 percent of the total bakery products in India. Biscuits stands at a higher value and production level than bread. This belongs to the unorganized sector of the bakery Industry and covers over 70% of the total production. Indian Biscuits Industry came into limelight and started gaining a sound status in the bakery industry in the later part of 20th century when the urbanized society called for ready made food products at a tenable cost. Biscuits were assumed as sick-man's diet in earlier days. Now, it has become one of the most loved fast food product for every age group. Biscuits are easy to carry, tasty to eat, cholesterol free and reasonable at cost. States that have the larger intake of biscuits are Maharashtra, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, and Uttar Pradesh. Maharashtra and West Bengal, the most industrially developed states, hold the maximum amount of consumption of biscuits. Even, the rural sector consumes around 55 percent of the biscuits in the bakery products.

M.S.RAMAIAH COLLEGE OF ARTS, SCIENCE & COMMERCE 2

The total production of bakery...
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